Potosí is the example par excellence of a major silver mine of the modern era, reputed to be the world’s largest industrial complex in the 16th century. A small pre-Hispanic-period hamlet perched in the Bolivian Andes, Potosí became an "Imperial City" following the visit of Francisco de Toledo in 1572.
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Historical & Cultural Landmarks in Bolivia
The Historic City of Sucre, first capital of Bolivia, was founded by the Spanish in the first half of the 16th century. Its many well-preserved 16th-century religious buildings illustrate the blending of local architectural traditions with styles imported from Europe.
Between 1691 and 1760, a series of mission settlements was founded by the Society of Jesus in the Chiquitos territory of eastern Bolivia. Here on the semiarid frontier of Spanish South America, the Jesuits and the Chiquitano blended European architecture with local traditions.