From large rivers and extensive estuaries to coastal lagoons and offshore zones, Guyana's bodies of water provide a wealth of natural resources, support a wide array of wildlife, and offer numerous opportunities for recreation and livelihoods.
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Landforms of Guyana
The Amazon Rainforest is a biogeographical region in northern South America that occupies the Amazon Basin, a drainage basin of the Amazon River and its tributaries in northern South America. Sometimes called Amazônia, nine countries have some parts of the Amazon region within their borders.
The Essequibo River is Guyana's longest and widest river. The river flows north through forest and savanna, including one of the world's most extensive continuous tracts of relatively pristine lowland tropical rainforest, before emptying into the Atlantic Ocean.
The Guiana Shield is one of the three cratons of the South American Plate. It is a 1.7 billion-year-old Precambrian geological formation in northeast South America that forms a portion of the northern coast. The higher elevations are known as the Guiana Highlands.
Kaieteur Falls in Guyana is the world's largest single-drop waterfall by the volume of water flowing over it. Kaieteur National Park, located in the southern Pakaraima Mountains in the Potaro-Siparuni Region of Guyana, covers a broad range of habitat types and is home to many species unique to the region.
The Kanuku Mountains are a mountain group located within the Rupununi natural region in southwestern Guyana. The east-west range divides the Rupununi from the north's wetlands and the south's savannas. The mountains have been designated a National Protected Area.
Mount Roraima is the highest of the Pacaraima Mountains, a chain of tepui plateaus in South America. It serves as the tripoint of Venezuela, Guyana, and Brazil. These tabletop mountains are considered to be the oldest geological formations on Earth.
The Rupununi is a natural region bordering the Brazilian Amazon in southwest Guyana. It is divided into northern Rupununi Wetlands and southern Rupununi Savanna by the Kanuku Mountains. The Rapununi River flows through the region before joining with the Essequibo River on its way to the Atlantic Ocean.