Guyana is located in northeastern South America with an Atlantic Ocean coastline, much of which is below sea level at high tide. Sometimes classified as part of the Caribbean region, Guyana can be divided into geographic zones that include a coastal plain, a white sand belt and interior highlands.
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Landforms of Guyana
The Amazon Rainforest is a natural region and biome in northern South America that occupies the Amazon Basin, a drainage basin of the Amazon River and its tributaries in South America. Nine nations have some part of the Amazon region within their borders.
The Essequibo River is the longest and widest river in Guyana. The river flows north through forest and savanna, including one of the largest continuous tracts of relatively pristine lowland tropical rain forest in the world, before emptying into the Atlantic Ocean.
The Guiana Shield is one of the three cratons of the South American Plate. It is a 1.7 billion-year-old Precambrian geological formation in northeast South America that forms a portion of the northern coast. The higher elevations are known as the Guiana (or Guyana) Highlands.
Kaieteur National Park, located in the southern Pakaraima Mountains in the Potaro-Siparuni Region of Guyana, covers a broad range of habitat types and is home to many species unique to the region. The park is especially renowned for the Kaieteur Falls.
The Kanuku Mountains are a mountain group located within the Rupununi natural region in southwestern Guyana. The east-west range divides the Rupununi from the wetlands of the north and the savannas of the south. The mountains have been designated a National Protected Area.
Mount Roraima is the highest of the Pacaraima Mountains, a chain of tepui plateaus in South America. It serves as the tripoint of Venezuela, Guyana and Brazil. These tabletop mountains are considered to be the oldest geological formations on Earth.
The Rupununi is a natural region in southwest Guyana, bordering the Brazilian Amazon. It is divided into the northern and southern Rupununi by the Kanuku Mountains. The Rapununi River flows through the region before joining with the Essequibo River on its way to the Atlantic Ocean.