Potosí is the example par excellence of a major silver mine of the modern era, reputed to be the world’s largest industrial complex in the 16th century. A small pre-Hispanic-period hamlet perched in the Bolivian Andes, Potosí became an "Imperial City" following the visit of Francisco de Toledo in 1572.
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World Heritage Sites in Bolivia
El Fuerte de Samaipata is a Pre-Columbian archaeological site and UNESCO World Heritage Site located in the eastern foothills of the Bolivian Andes. It is unique as it encompasses buildings of three different cultures: Chanè, Inca and Spanish.
The Historic City of Sucre, first capital of Bolivia, was founded by the Spanish in the first half of the 16th century. Its many well-preserved 16th-century religious buildings illustrate the blending of local architectural traditions with styles imported from Europe.
Between 1691 and 1760, a series of mission settlements was founded by the Society of Jesus in the Chiquitos territory of eastern Bolivia. Here on the semiarid frontier of Spanish South America, the Jesuits and the Chiquitano blended European architecture with local traditions.
Noel Kempff Mercado National Park is one of the largest, most intact parks in the Amazon Basin and is the site of a rich mosaic of habitat types. The park boasts an evolutionary history dating back over a billion years to the Precambrian period.
The city of Tiwanaku was the capital of a powerful pre-Hispanic empire that dominated a large area of the southern Andes and beyond. Its monumental remains testify to the cultural and political significance of this civilization which is distinct from any of the other pre-Hispanic empires of the Americas.