The Amapá Biodiversity Corridor is an ecological corridor in the state of Amapá, Brazil. An ecological corridor in Brazil is a collection of natural or semi-natural areas that link protected areas and allow gene flow between them.
Amapá Biodiversity Corridor
The Amapá Biodiversity Corridor is an ecological corridor in the state of Amapá, Brazil. It provides a degree of integrated management for conservation units and other areas covering 10,476,117 ha (25,887,000 acres), or 72% of the state.
An ecological corridor in Brazil is a collection of natural or semi-natural areas that link protected areas and allow gene flow between them. The Biodiversity Corridor links protected areas in Amapá to protected areas in Pará and in other Guiana Shield countries.
The Guiana Shield and the state of Amapá have great biodiversity. More than 180 mammal species have been identified in the protected areas, including the jaguar, giant otter, red-handed howler, giant anteater and Amazonian manatee.
The Biodiversity Corridor includes the Juminá, Galibi, Uaça, Parque do Tumucumaque and Waiãpi indigenous territories. As of 2016, it included 12 federal or state protected areas.
Amapá National Forest
The Amapá National Forest is divided between the municipalities of Pracuúba, Ferreira Gomes and Amapá; within the state of Amapá. It has an area of 460,352 ha (1,137,556 acres).
The forest is bounded to the north by the small Mutum River, to the east by the Falsino River, to the west by the Araguari River, and to the south by the confluence of the Falsino and Araguari.
In the extreme north there are chains of mountains of significant height, thought to belong to the Tumucumaque complex. To the east it adjoins the Amapá State Forest. To the northwest it adjoins the Montanhas do Tumucumaque National Park.
The National Forest contains a large area of humid tropical forest, mostly terra firma. It is accessible only by one viable waterway, the Araguari, from the municipality of Porto Grande.
Vegetation includes imposing Amazon species such as Dinizia excelsa, Manilkara huberi, Vouacapoua americana and Caryocar villosum. Common palms are Euterpe oleracea (açaí) and Iriartea exorrhiza.
Amapá State Forest
The Amapá State Forest is divided between the municipalities of Tartarugalzinho, Pracuúba, Porto Grande, Oiapoque, Mazagão, Ferreira Gomes, Calçoene, Pedra Branca do Amaparí, Amapá and Serra do Navio. It has an area of 2,369,400 ha (5,855,000 acres) and covers 16.5% of the state.
Cabo Orange National Park
Cabo Orange National Park contains mangroves, flooded fields, clean fields interspersed with buritizais, savannahs, flooded forests (also called floodplains), upland forests, in addition to marine ecosystems.
Tumucumaque Mountains National Park
Tumucumaque Mountains National Park covers 1% of the Amazon forest in Brazil, an area of more than 38,800 sq km (14,980 sq mi), making it the world's largest tropical forest national park. It is the first to protect a unique ecoregion called the Guyana moist forest.
Additional Protected Areas
- Fazendinha Environmental Protection Area
- Parazinho Biological Reserve
- Rio Curiau Environmental Protection Area
- Rio Iratapuru Sustainable Development Reserve
- Jari Ecological Station
- Lago Piratuba Biological Reserve
- Maracá-Jipioca Ecological Station
- Rio Cajari Extractive Reserve