The territory of Guiana Amazonian Park covers 40% of French Guiana, making it the largest national park of France and the European Union. Difficult to access, it protects one of the strongest biodiversity zones on the planet.
Guiana Amazonian Park
Guiana Amazonian Park (Parc amazonien de Guyane) is one of the ten national parks of France, protecting a large part of the Amazon Rainforest located in French Guiana. It is delimited by two great rivers: the Oyapock, on the border with Brazil and the Maroni, on the border with Suriname.
The territory of Guiana Amazonian Park covers 40% of French Guiana, making it the largest national park in France and the European Union.
The national park has been built upon territories belonging to the communes of Camopi, Maripasoula, Papaïchton, Saint-Élie and Saül. It is home to the Apalaï, Tilïo, Wayana, Wayãpi and Téko Amerindians, as well as to the Aluku, the Maroni, the Creoles and the Metropolitans. These lands belong to the park's secondary area, which covers approximately 13,600 sq km (5,250 sq mi).
Complete protection is enforced in the central area, covering approximately 20,300 sq km (7,840 sq mi), and gold mining is strictly forbidden. The overall protected area, therefore, represents some 33,900 sq km (13,090 sq mi) of French Guiana's rainforest.
Combined with Brazil's Tumucumaque Mountains National Park, covering some 38,800 sq km or 14,980 sq mi, they together form one of the largest protected spaces in the world.
Difficult to access (only by airplane or riverboat), Guiana Amazonian Park protects one of the strongest biodiversity zones on the planet, as well as the original ways of life and the human activities of the inhabitants of the rivers and forest.
The protected area of the Guiana Amazonian Park is home to more than 1,500 trees out of some 5,800 listed species.
In terms of fauna diversity: 400 freshwater fish species (40% endemic), 192 species of mammals, 261 species of reptiles and amphibians, 719 species of birds and hundreds of thousands of species of insects (butterflies, Coleoptera beetles, stick insects) inhabit the region.
Map depicting the Guiana Amazonian Park