Serra da Capivara National Park, in northeast Brazil, bears exceptional testimony to one of the oldest populations to inhabit South America. It preserves preserves the largest ensemble of archaeological sites and oldest examples of rock art in the Americas: Boqueirão da Pedra Furada.
The Serranía de Chiribiquete or Chiribiquete Mountains are a group of isolated table mountains in the Amazon Region of Colombia, which is a part of the massive Amazon Rainforest. The area is protected as a National Park.
Sewell, an outstanding example of a company town, is a deserted Chilean mining town located on the slopes of the Andes. It was built by the Braden Copper Co. to house workers at what was to become the world’s largest underground copper mine, El Teniente.
The city of Tiwanaku was the capital of a powerful pre-Hispanic empire that dominated a large area of the southern Andes and beyond. Its monumental remains testify to the cultural and political significance of this civilization which is distinct from any of the other pre-Hispanic empires of the Americas.
The Valongo Wharf Archaeological Site encompasses the entirety of Jornal do Comércio Square. It is in the former harbor area of Rio de Janeiro in which the old stone wharf was built for the landing of enslaved Africans reaching the South American continent from 1811 onward.