Amazônia, or "The Amazon," is a vast and awe-inspiring region of South America. Often called the "lungs of the Earth," this immense lush green forest, stretching across nine countries, is home to unparalleled plant and animal life, making it one of the Earth's most biodiverse ecosystems. Comprising the Amazon rainforest, the Amazon biome, the Amazon basin, and the Amazon River, Amazônia plays a crucial role in regulating the planet's climate and producing oxygen.
Search LAC Geo
Biomes / Ecosystems of Brazil
Brazil is South America's largest country, occupying half of its landmass. It is the fifth largest country in the world and is regarded as the most biodiverse country on Earth. The country is conventionally divided into five geographic regions corresponding to its significant landforms and biomes.
The Central Amazon Ecological Corridor is a crucial protected expanse in Brazil, embracing a variety of ecosystems, habitats, and species within the Amazon Rainforest. Spanning the core of the Amazon Basin, this corridor serves a pivotal function in safeguarding biodiversity, addressing climate change, and fostering sustainable development in the area.
The Atlantic Forest, known as Mata Atlântica, is a verdant treasure trove of biodiversity stretching along Brazil's eastern and southeastern coast, extending into Argentina and Paraguay. This sprawling natural region, although reduced from its original expanse, remains one of the most diverse ecosystems on the planet, second only to the Amazon Rainforest.
The Caatinga is a vast and unique semiarid biome that covers northeast Brazil and is home to various ecosystems, making it the largest dry forest region in South America. This region is characterized by its arid, thorny, and seasonal vegetation, which provides habitats for more than 2,000 species. Recognized as a biodiversity hotspot, the Caatinga faces significant threats, primarily due to land conversion for agriculture and cattle ranching.
The Cerrado, South America's largest savanna region and the most extensive ecoregion in the Americas unfolds across central Brazil, extending its natural wonders into northeastern Paraguay and eastern Bolivia. Boasting unparalleled biological richness, this savanna is a global treasure, home to 5% of the planet's animals and plants, harboring an extraordinary menagerie of life.
The Gran Chaco, or simply Chaco, is a large and intriguing region in eastern Bolivia, western Paraguay, northern Argentina, and a small section of Brazil. It is an alluvial plain with diverse ecosystems, including South America's second-largest forest after the Amazon. There are two main ecoregions, the Humid Chaco and the Dry Chaco, which differ in climate, vegetation, and ecology.
The Pampas, a vast and fertile lowland plain region in South America, unfolds like a natural canvas from the Atlantic Ocean to the Andes Mountains. This flat, fertile grassland region is of ecological diversity and cultural significance. It can be divided into three distinct ecoregions: the Uruguayan Savanna, the Humid Pampas and the Semiarid Pampas.
The Pantanal is the world's largest tropical wetland, predominantly situated in the Center-West Region of Brazil. This vast seasonal floodplain, however, also stretches into northeastern Paraguay and southeastern Bolivia, creating a stunning ecological masterpiece. Its diverse landscapes and vibrant ecosystems are genuinely captivating.