Located on the western coast of South America, Peru is known as one of the world's most megadiverse countries and its biodiversity can be organized into four main biomes. Geographically, Peru is traditionally described in terms of three broad longitudinal regions: the Costa, the Sierra, and the Amazonia.
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Biomes / Ecosystems of Peru
Páramo: Andean Moorland (South America) The Editor Wed, 10/20/2021 - 17:03
Páramo is a neotropical high mountain biome. Also referred to as Andean Moorland, this grassland ecosystem is found mainly in the northwest corner of South America: in the upper Andes of Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela.
Peruvian Amazonia (La Selva), is the area between the eastern foothills of the Peruvian Andes and the rainforests of the Amazon Basin. It is here that the lower slopes of the western Andes merge with the heavily forested tropical lowlands.
Puna is a cold, high-elevation grassland region of the montane grasslands and shrublands biome. It is prevalent in the central Andes from northern Peru through western Bolivia into northern Chile and Argentina. Much of the region lies on the Altiplano Plateau.
The Tumbes-Chocó-Magdalena hotspot includes the tropical forests of the Pacific coast of northwestern South America as well as the Galápagos Islands. Stretching from southern Panama to northern Peru, this biodiversity hotspot includes a large variety of endemic species and habitats.
The Yungas is a narrow band of forest along the eastern slope of the Andes Mountains within Peru, Bolivia and northern Argentina. This humid, subtropical natural region is a transitional zone between the Andean highlands and the eastern forests.