Located on the western coast of South America, Peru is one of the world's most biologically diverse countries. Its biodiversity can be organized into four main biomes. Geographically, Peru is traditionally described in terms of three broad longitudinal regions: the Costa, the Sierra, and the Amazonia.
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Biomes / Ecosystems of Peru
The Humboldt Current, or Peru Current, is one of the world's most important ocean currents and a significant marine phenomenon in the eastern South Pacific. It is a distinct marine environment characterized by its cold, nutrient-rich waters and the unique ecological communities that thrive within it.
Páramo is a neotropical high mountain biome. Also referred to as Andean Moorland, this grassland ecosystem is found mainly in the northwest corner of South America: in the upper Andes of Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela.
The region known as Peruvian Amazonia, or La Selva, lies between the eastern foothills of the Peruvian Andes and the Amazon Basin rainforests. It's a place where the lower slopes of the western Andes intermingle with the lush, dense tropical lowlands.
Puna is a cold, high-elevation grassland region of the montane grasslands and shrublands biome. It is prevalent in the central Andes from northern Peru through western Bolivia into northern Chile and Argentina. Much of the region lies on the Altiplano Plateau.
The Yungas is a narrow band of forest along the eastern slope of the Andes Mountains within Peru, Bolivia and northern Argentina. This humid, subtropical natural region is a transitional zone between the Andean highlands and the eastern forests.