The Caatinga Biosphere Reserve is characterized by Caatinga vegetation as well as 'Martius' decidous forest, the typical vegetation of the interior of northeastern Brazil. The reserve sets up ecological corridors and is linked to the contiguous Mata Atlántica and Cerrado Biosphere Reserves.
Biosphere Reserves in Brazil
The Central Amazon Conservation Complex makes up the largest protected area in the Amazon Basin and is one of the planet’s richest regions in terms of biodiversity. It is where the majority of the ecosystems recorded in the Amazon are found.
The Mata Atlântica Biosphere Reserve is the pioneer of the Brazilian biosphere reserves. It covers important portions of the Atlantic Forest in 14 Brazilian states. This unique ecosystem stretches over 1,800 miles parallel to the coast, comprising Serra Mantiqueira, Serra Geral and Serra do Mar.
The Pantanal Biosphere Reserve comprises the Brazilian states of Mato Grosso, Matto Grosso do Sul and a small portion of Goiás. It covers the headwaters of the rivers that make up the Pantanal region, one of the world’s most extensive wetland complexes.
The Serra do Espinhaço mountain range represents the largest and most continuous Precambrian orogenic belt in Brazil. The Espinhaço Range Biosphere Reserve includes 16 protected areas: National Parks, State Parks, State Ecological Stations and Municipal Natural Parks.