The Borborema Plateau makes up the northeasternmost portion of the Brazilian Highlands. As the primary watershed of the region, the semiarid plateau, composed mainly of mountains, is the source of more than 100 rivers and is rich in mineral deposits, including gold.
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The Brazilian Highlands (Brazilian or Paraná Plateau), a vast geographical region, is Brazil's primary mineral wealth source. The area covers most of the country's eastern, southern, and central portions, including cliffs, flat-topped plateaus, ravines, rolling hills, and rock outcrops.
The Serra da Canastra is a mountain range in southeastern Brazil, located within the Brazilian Highlands. Its topography includes cliffs and dramatic waterfalls. Serra da Canastra National Park protects this vital watershed, the source of the headwaters of the São Francisco River.
The Serra da Mantiqueira mountain range, part of the Brazilian Cordillera in southeastern Brazil, spans three states: São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais. In addition, rivers formed in these mountains supply many cities in the Southeast Region with water.
Serra do Caparaó is a range of mountains located on the border between the states of Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo in southeastern Brazil. Caparaó National Park was created to protect the Caparaó Mountains and the representative Atlantic Forest.
The Serra do Espinhaço mountain range represents Brazil's largest and most continuous Precambrian orogenic belt. The Espinhaço Range Biosphere Reserve includes 16 protected areas: National Parks, State Parks, State Ecological Stations, and Municipal Natural Parks.
The Serra do Mar is a coastal system of mountain ranges and escarpments in southeastern Brazil. Serra do Mar State Park and the Serra do Mar Ecological Corridor encompass and protect one of the largest remaining areas of continuous Atlantic Forest.
Serra dos Órgãos is a mountain range in Rio de Janeiro that is part of the larger Serra do Mar mountain range system that overlooks Guanabara Bay in southeastern Brazil. Serra dos Órgãos National Park protects the range and its water resources.
The Serra Geral is the principal mountain relief of interior southern Brazil. It is located at the south and eastern reaches of the Paraná Plateau and constitutes the southern portion of the Serra do Mar system. The range is home to Serra Geral National Park, which hosts the Fortaleza Canyon.