The Argentine Espinal ecoregion is a thorny deciduous shrubland forest located in central Argentina, extending from central Santa Fe through the province of Córdoba to the north of San Luis. It has been extensively modified by large-scale cattle ranching.
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Ecoregions of South America
The Araucaria moist forests ecoregion spans the mountainous areas of Southern Atlantic Brazil and extends into northeastern Argentina. It is a coniferous forest ecoregion of the Atlantic Forest biome.
The Atacama Desert is located in northern Chile between Argentina on the west and the Pacific Ocean on the east. Sparsely populated and containing considerable mineral resources, the Atacama Desert is one of the driest places in the world.
The Beni savanna is an ecoregion located in the Beni Department of northern Bolivia. Also known as the Llanos de Moxos, it is the third-largest savanna complex in South America and is found in the lowlands of the southwestern Amazon basin, extending northeast from the foot of the Andean ranges.
The Bolivian montane dry forests ecoregion in Bolivia, on the eastern side of the Andes, is a transitional habitat between the puna grasslands higher up to the west and the Chaco scrub to the east. Steep hillsides, cliffs and valleys characterize this dry region.
The Bolivian yungas is a tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forest ecoregion in the yungas of west-central Bolivia and extreme southeastern Peru. Steep terrain, high precipitation, and difficult access have kept much of this ecoregion in a natural state.
The Caatinga of Brazil is the largest dry forest region in South America and one of the world's richest dry forests, providing a habitat for an array of flora and fauna species. It is home to 26 million people and over 2,000 species of plants and animals.
The Central Andean dry puna ecoregion is a dry, high-elevation grassland of the high southern Andes, extending through western Bolivia, northern Chile, and Argentina. Dry puna is distinguished from other types of puna by its annual rainfall or lack thereof.
The Central Andean puna ecoregion is a high-elevation montane grassland and shrubland of South America and is part of the Puna grassland region. It is located in the high southern Andes, extending from southern Peru through Bolivia into northern Argentina.
The Central Andean wet puna ecoregion is a high elevation, moist, montane grassland in the high southern Andes in Peru and eastern Bolivia. It comprises bunchgrass communities, wetlands, small shrubs and trees, and herbaceous plants.