Amazônia, or "The Amazon," is a vast and awe-inspiring region of South America. Often called the "lungs of the Earth," this immense lush green forest, stretching across nine countries, is home to unparalleled plant and animal life, making it one of the Earth's most biodiverse ecosystems. Comprising the Amazon rainforest, the Amazon biome, the Amazon basin, and the Amazon River, Amazônia plays a crucial role in regulating the planet's climate and producing oxygen.
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The Central Suriname Nature Reserve comprises nearly four million acres of primary tropical forest. Covering a range of ecosystems, it protects the upper watershed of the Coppename River and the headwaters of the Lucie, Oost, Zuid, Saramaccz, and Gran Rio rivers.
Paramaribo, situated on the banks of the Suriname River, is Suriname's capital and largest city. Designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, its urban center, with roots dating back to the 17th and 18th centuries, is evidence of its colonial past as a former Dutch settlement and multicultural present.
The Guiana Shield is one of the three cratons of the South American Plate. It is a 1.7 billion-year-old Precambrian geological formation in northeast South America that forms a portion of the northern coast. The higher elevations are known as the Guiana Highlands.
The Guianas are a region on the north-central coast of South America. Made up of French Guiana, Guyana and Suriname, also known as the "Three G's," it is the least-explored region of South America, home to a melting pot of cultures and vast unspoiled tracts of nature.