Alejandro de Humboldt National Park contains significant natural habitats for the conservation of terrestrial and freshwater biodiversity in Cuba. It is of global importance as one of the most biologically diverse tropical ecosystems, in an island setting, anywhere on earth.
World Heritage Sites in the Caribbean
The Antigua Naval Dockyard (also known as Nelson's Dockyard) and its related facilities were built at English Harbour, at a time when European nations were battling for supremacy of the seas, to obtain control over the lucrative sugar producing islands of the Eastern Caribbean.
The First Coffee Plantations in the Southeast of Cuba is a cultural landscape illustrating colonial coffee production. A pioneer form of agriculture, they throw considerable light on the economic, social and technological history of the Caribbean and Latin American region.
The Blue and John Crow Mountains encompass a rugged and forested mountainous region in southeast Jamaica, which provided refuge first for the indigenous Tainos fleeing slavery and then for the formerly enslaved Maroons. Also a National Park, the area is a biodiversity hotspot for the Caribbean.
Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park is an outstanding, well-preserved example of 17th- and 18th-century military architecture in the Caribbean. Designed by the British and built by African slave labor, the fortress is tangible evidence to European colonial expansion.
After Christopher Columbus's arrival on the island in 1492, Santo Domingo became the site of the first cathedral, hospital, customs house and university in the Americas. The colonial town, founded in 1498, was laid out on a grid pattern that became the model for the New World.
Desembarco del Granma National Park, meaning "Landing of the Granma", is situated on the southwestern tip of southeast Cuba. The little-disturbed landscape and seascape offers a wide spectrum of karst phenomena such as giant sinkholes, cliffs, canyons and caves.
Havana, founded in 1519 by the Spanish, became one of the Caribbean's main centers for shipbuilding. Its old center retains a mix of Baroque and neoclassical monuments and its defensive installations includes some of the oldest and largest stone fortifications now standing in the Americas.
The people of the Netherlands established a trading settlement at a natural harbor on the island of Curaçao in 1634. The architecture of Willemstad has been influenced not only by Dutch colonial concepts but also by the tropical climate and architectural styles from towns throughout the Caribbean region.
Historic Bridgetown and its Garrison was the focus of trade-based English expansion in the Americas and was one of the earliest established towns with a fortified port in the Caribbean network of military and maritime-mercantile outposts of the British Atlantic.