Grande Colline National Park is a national park in southwestern Haiti which contains the Grande Colline mountain range at the core of the La Hotte Massif. This park contains five named peaks and is one of the most remote and difficult to reach areas in Haiti.
Grande Colline National Park is a national park in southwestern Haiti which contains the Grande Colline mountain range (Chaîne de la Grande Colline) at the core of the La Hotte Massif (Massif de la Hotte).
There are five named peaks: Morne Desbarrières (1,843 m or 6,046 ft), Morne Grande Colline (2,025 m or 6,643 ft), Morne Petite Colline (1,860 m or 6,102 ft), Morne Grenouille (2,006 m or 6,581 ft), and Morne Lézard (1,854 m or 6,082 ft).
This park is one of the most remote and difficult to reach areas in Haiti. It was explored by the founders of the Haiti National Trust in 2011–2015, with assistance of a helicopter and supported by the National Science Foundation and Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund.
The new species discovered and resulting information on the ecosystem and threats led to the creation of the national park in 2014. The remarkable biodiversity of Grande Colline is just being discovered, including 20 species of frogs (some unique to Grande Colline), 17 species of reptiles, and 19 species of birds.
This mountain range is not subject to protection resulting in widespread tree-cutting and land clearing activities for building materials, agriculture, and charcoal production. Deforestation is so extensive that little original forest remains except at the highest elevations, almost all above 1,800 m (5,900 ft). Nonetheless those forests are among the most spectacular in Haiti, with giant tree ferns and hardwoods, some on nearly flat terrain.