Grande Colline National Park is located in southwestern Haiti and contains the Grande Colline mountain range at the core of the La Hotte Massif. This protected area contains five named peaks and is one of the most remote and difficult to reach areas in Haiti.
Grande Colline National Park
Grande Colline National Park is located in southwestern Haiti and contains the Grande Colline mountain range (Chaîne de la Grande Colline), west of the Macaya range and at the core of the Massif de la Hotte.
La Hotte Massif is a mountain range in southwestern Haiti on the far-western end of the Tiburon Peninsula. The region is relatively remote and is one of the most biologically diverse and significant areas of all of Hispaniola. It also supports some of the last stands of Haiti's dense cloud forest on its peaks.
There are five named peaks: Morne Desbarrières (1,843 m or 6,046 ft), Morne Grande Colline (2,025 m or 6,643 ft), Morne Petite Colline (1,860 m or 6,102 ft), Morne Grenouille (2,006 m or 6,581 ft), and Morne Lézard (1,854 m or 6,082 ft).
This protected area is one of the most remote and difficult to reach areas in Haiti. It was explored by the founders of the Haiti National Trust in 2011–2015, with assistance of a helicopter and supported by the National Science Foundation and Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund.
New species discovered and the resulting information on the ecosystem and threats led to the creation of the National Park in 2014. The remarkable biodiversity of the area is just being discovered, including 20 species of frogs (some unique to Grande Colline), 17 species of reptiles and 19 species of birds.
The Grande Colline mountain range itself is not subject to protection, resulting in widespread tree-cutting and land clearing activities for building materials, agriculture and charcoal production.
Deforestation is so extensive that little original forest remains except at the highest elevations, almost all above 1,800 m (5,900 ft). Nonetheless those forests are among the most spectacular in Haiti, with giant tree ferns and hardwoods, some on nearly flat terrain.