The Caribbean, or West Indies, is a region of the Americas that consists of several groups of islands within or bordering the Caribbean Sea, plus The Bahamas and Turks and Caicos Islands, which are in the Atlantic Ocean. The region includes more than 700 islands, islets, reefs, and cays.
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Alejandro de Humboldt National Park contains significant natural habitats for the conservation of terrestrial and freshwater biodiversity in Cuba. It is of global importance as one of the most biologically diverse tropical ecosystems, in an island setting, anywhere on earth.
Anguilla is a British overseas territory and is the most northerly of the Leeward Islands in the Lesser Antilles. It is known for its easygoing atmosphere and magnificent beaches and waters. The Valley is the principal town and capital.
The First Coffee Plantations in the Southeast of Cuba is a cultural landscape illustrating colonial coffee production. A pioneer form of agriculture, they throw considerable light on the economic, social and technological history of the Caribbean and Latin American region.
Guadeloupe National Park encompasses a tropical forest and includes La Grande Soufrière volcano along with the Grand Cul-de-Sac Marin Nature Reserve, a marine protected area adjacent to the park, together comprise the Archipel de la Guadeloupe Biosphere Reserve.
The Archipelago of San Andres, Providencia and Santa Catalina is located in the western sector of the Caribbean Sea and belongs to the Republic of Colombia. The entire collection of 10 or so small coral atolls was declared a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve.
Approximately 18% of the total land area of Aruba is assigned as Arikok National Park in order to protect and preserve the flora, fauna, geology and historical remains present. The park hosts three primary geological formations and a variety of habitats.
The Baconao Biosphere Reserve is situated in southeastern Cuba, between Santiago de Cuba and the province of Guantanamo, and includes three well-defined biogeographic zones. The area is a large park region which contains a variety of attractions in addition to wildlife refuges and coffee plantations.
Banwari Trace, an Archaic pre-ceramic site in southwestern Trinidad, is the oldest archaeological site in the Caribbean and the deposit is found on the southern edge of the Oropuche Lagoon. Banwari Man is considered to be the oldest skeleton found in the Caribbean.
The Blue and John Crow Mountains encompass a rugged and forested mountainous region in southeast Jamaica, which provided refuge first for the indigenous Tainos fleeing slavery and then for the formerly enslaved Maroons. Also a National Park, the area is a biodiversity hotspot for the Caribbean.
The Bonaire National Marine Park is the oldest marine reserve in the world. It includes the waters around Bonaire and Klein Bonaire's reef-lined coasts. In 1999 the underwater park received the status of National Park of the Netherlands Antilles.