The Caribbean Islands biodiversity hotspot, encompassing 35 countries and territories, is renowned as a global ecological treasure trove. Spanning the Caribbean Sea, it is characterized by a mosaic of islands, cays, and islets, each harboring an astonishing array of unique species. This hotspot is celebrated for its scenic beauty, pristine beaches, and exceptional biological diversity, making it one of the most important biodiversity hotspots on the planet.
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The Caribbean Netherlands, comprising the islands of Bonaire, Saba, and St. Eustatius, stands out as a fascinating region bursting with a diverse blend of cultural heritage and natural beauty. As integral components of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, these islands provide distinct experiences and attractions, drawing visitors to explore their varied landscapes and dynamic communities.
The Caribbean Plate, a predominantly oceanic tectonic plate, extends its influence beneath Central America and the Caribbean Sea off South America's northern coast. This expansive plate interconnects with the North American, South American, Nazca, and Cocos, creating a mosaic of seismic activity, including earthquakes, tsunamis, and volcanic eruptions.
The Caribbean Sea contains a remarkable feature beneath its surface, known as the Cayman Trench and the Cayman Ridge. The Cayman Trench is a submarine trench on the floor of the western Caribbean Sea between Jamaica and the southeastern tip of Cuba. The Cayman Ridge is an undersea mountain range on the northern margin of the Cayman Trough and includes the Cayman Islands.
Nestled amidst the azure waters of the eastern Caribbean Sea, the Leeward Islands dry forests ecoregion sprawls across secluded corners of the Leeward Islands. Characterized by gentle relief and moderate rainfall, this ecoregion, though weathered by centuries of deforestation, still retains echoes of its former magnificence, offering glimpses into its enduring beauty.
The Lesser Antilles Volcanic Arc is a chain of volcanic islands stretching from the Virgin Islands to Grenada in the eastern Caribbean Sea. It is formed by the subduction of the North American Plate beneath the Caribbean Plate, which creates the volcanoes that make up the islands. This volcanic arc contributes to the shaping of the Caribbean Sea, along with other geological forces.
Nestled in the heart of the Caribbean Sea, the Lesser Antilles form a captivating island chain that stretches between the Greater Antilles and the South American continent. Comprising a mix of volcanic and non-volcanic islands, the Lesser Antilles boast stunning landscapes, rich cultural heritage, and unique ecosystems that beckon travelers and researchers alike.
The North American Plate, a massive tectonic entity, is Earth's second-largest tectonic plate. Underlying substantial portions of North America and Central America and even reaching into the Caribbean Sea, its dynamic interactions with neighboring plates shape the region's geological features, fostering a complex landscape.
The Caribbean is the only region of the Americas where people settled an archipelago with some islands not visible from surrounding areas. Despite more than a century of research, there are still many questions about when they migrated and what routes they took.
The Puerto Rico Trench is an impressive geological feature that lies beneath the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. It is an underwater depression situated on the border between the two vast bodies of water and is notable for its depth and complexity. The deepest point in the Atlantic Ocean, the Milwaukee Depth, can be found at the trench's western end.
The Tiburon Peninsula is a mountainous peninsula in southwestern Haiti, jutting west into the Caribbean Sea from the country's southernmost point. The peninsula is known for its beautiful beaches, lush rainforests, and unique and diverse ecosystems.