San Lorenzo Marine Archipelago National Park, located on San Lorenzo Island, is part of an archipelago in the Gulf of California off the eastern coast of Baja California. The area is protected due to its importance as a habitat for several endangered species.
San Lorenzo Marine Archipelago National Park is a national park of Mexico located on San Lorenzo Island, part of an archipelago in the Gulf of California off the eastern coast of Baja California. The area is protected due to its importance as a habitat for several endangered species.
The archipelago is part of the municipality of Mexicali, Baja California. San Lorenzo Island is located southeast of the city, separated by the Salsipuedes Channel.
San Lorenzo Marine Archipelago National Park is comprised of the following islands: San Lorenzo, Las Animas, Salsipuedes, Rasa and Partida. Incuding the surrounding maritime border of the islands, the total area is 50,442 ha (124,645 acres).
The archipelago is surrounded by deep, cold water, rich in nutrients. It lies in the center part of the Gulf of California, also known as the Sea of Cortez.
Most of the National Park is comprised by maritime area. The small terrestrial portion consists of rugged islands with irregular coastline eroded with many sea cliffs.
The islands of the archipelago exhibit dramatic topological changes where elevation goes from sea level to 485 m above sea level. The highest elevations are found on San Lorenzo Island, towards the southern end.
Created as a marine national park to protect the fragile and important ecosystem of the archipelago, one of the most important ecological areas of the Gulf of California, San Lorenzo Island and surrounding areas are part of a rich ecosystem. This ecosystem is comprised of a grand variety of flora and marine fauna.
The rocky shores of the islands in the archipelago teem with life. In the water, mullusks, clams, isopods, lobster and sea cucumbers thrive. Also, in the waters of the park, important pelagic invertebrates gather; such as squid, octopus, and jellyfish. Fish and marine mammals are also prevalent.
The fauna consist of the following list of endangered species: blue whale, humpback whale, killer whale, sperm whale, green turtle, hawksbill turtle, olive ridley turtle and totoaba.
The ecosystem of the San Lorenzo Archipelago consists of many varieties of commercially important fish. Swordfish, hake fish and Risso's dolphin are also common in the waters surrounding the islands.