Mexico is located in the southern portion of North America and is the third largest country in Latin America. A biodiverse country, it encompasses arid deserts and scrublands, tropical rainforests, temperate forests and grasslands, mangrove swamps, alpine ecosystems and coral reefs.
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The Agave Region is one of the most important cultural landscapes in Mexico, not only for the importance of the natural landscape that it offers but also for the cultural tradition that has been kept for several centuries and from which has arisen one of the main icons that identify this country: the tequila.
The Alto Golfo de California and El Pinacate Biosphere Reserve comprises the Pinacate area, Gran Desierto de Altar and Bahía Adair on the Gulf of California’s border in northeastern Mexico. Geological volcanic formations and the diversity of plant associations create its special landscape.
Human activities have an outsized impact on monarchs’ ability to migrate. Development, agriculture and logging have reduced monarch habitat. Climate change, drought and pesticide use also reduce the number of butterflies that complete the journey.
The Aqueduct of Padre Tembleque Hydraulic System, located in the Central Mexican Plateau, encompasses a water catchment area, springs, canals, distribution tanks and arcaded aqueduct bridges. It incorporates the highest single-level arcade ever built in an aqueduct.
Xochicalco is an exceptionally well-preserved example of a fortified political, religious and commercial center from the troubled period of 650 to 900 A.D. that followed the breakup of the great Mesoamerican states such as Teotihuacán, Monte Albán, Palenque and Tikal.
Located in the eastern Pacific Ocean, the Archipiélago de Revillagigedo is made up of four remote islands and their surrounding waters. Part of a submerged volcanic mountain range, the islands provide critical habitat for a range of wildlife and are of particular importance for seabirds.
Arrecife Alacranes (Scorpion Reef) is a reef surrounding a small group of islands off the northern coast of Yucatán, Mexico. Designated as a National Park and Biosphere Reserve, it is the largest reef in the southern Gulf of Mexico and the only known coral reef in Yucatán.
Baja California is an arid peninsula in northwestern Mexico. It is bounded to the north by the United States, to the east by the Gulf of California, and to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean. It is separated from the mainland by the Gulf of California, also known as the Sea of Cortez or Vermilion Sea.
Located at the southeastern tip of the State of Quintana Roo in the Yucatán Peninsula, the Banco Chinchorro Biosphere Reserve encompasses a mosaic of open water, seagrass beds, mangroves, sand beaches and coral reefs. It is considered one of the most outstanding marine sites in the region.
The Barranca de Metztitlán Biosphere Reserve is a protected natural area in Hidalgo state, Mexico. It is known for its dramatic scenery of steep cliffs and deep winding canyons and its distinctive flora and fauna.