Mexico is located in the southern portion of North America and is the third largest country in Latin America. A biodiverse country, it encompasses arid deserts and scrublands, tropical rainforests, temperate forests and grasslands, mangrove swamps, alpine ecosystems, and coral reefs.
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Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System (Mexico, Central America) The Editor Mon, 04/01/2019 - 16:25
The Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System is a marine region, underwater ecosystem and geological structure that stretches from the Yucatán Peninsula down to Belize, Guatemala and Honduras. This underwater wilderness of coral provides homes and food to hundreds of species.
The Mexican Plateau, also known as the Mexican Altiplano, is a large arid to semiarid plateau that occupies much of northern and central Mexico. The plateau consists of the vast Mesa del Norte (Northern Plateau) and the smaller but heavily populated Mesa Central.
The Middle America Trench is a major subduction zone, an oceanic trench in the eastern Pacific Ocean off the coast of Mexico and Central America. It can be divided into a northern section called the Acapulco Trench and a southern section called the Guatemala Trench.
The Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve protects key overwintering sites for the monarch butterfly. The millions of monarch butterflies that return here every year bend tree branches by their weight, fill the sky when they take flight and make a sound like light rain with the beating of their wings.
The Nahá-Metzabok Biosphere Reserve is located in southeastern Mexico, in the state of Chiapas. Located in the northeastern Chiapas Highlands, the reserve protects montane rainforests, pine-oak forests, and natural lakes within the Lacandón Forest region.
Nevado de Toluca National Park protects the Nevado de Toluca volcano which forms nearly the entire park surface and is the fourth highest peak in Mexico. The volcano is still commonly referred to by its Aztec name "Xinantécatl".
Located in the northwest of the Mexican state of Tabasco, the Pantanos de Centla Biosphere Reserve is one of the most important wetlands of Mesoamerica due to its abundance of aquatic plants and the amount of freshwater it receives from the Grijalva and Usumacinta rivers.
The Peninsular Ranges System is a series of six coastal mountain ranges that run from north to south along the entire length of the Baja California Peninsula in northwestern Mexico. The Tres Vírgenes volcanic complex contains the only stratovolcanoes on the peninsula.
The Petén Basin is a geographical subregion of Mesoamerica and was a center of Maya civilizations. It is primarily located in northern Guatemala and southeastern Mexico. The Maya Forest is the second-largest remaining tropical rainforest in the Americas.
Pico de Orizaba is an inactive stratovolcano located on the southern edge of the Mexican Plateau. The volcano, also known as Citlaltépetl, has been dormant since 1846 however, it is not considered extinct. Pico de Orizaba National Park includes the volcano along with Sierra Negra, an extinct volcano to the southwest.