Mexico is a country rich in bodies of water, encompassing various aquatic environments, from vast oceans and seas to lakes, rivers, lagoons, and wetlands. In addition to its coastal regions, Mexico features numerous inland water bodies that support agriculture and facilitate transportation and trade.
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The Lerma River is a significant watercourse within the intricate network of Mexico's waterways, known for its length and crucial role in the Lerma-Chapala basin. Originating near Toluca, this river meanders through diverse landscapes, traversing the states of Mexico, Queretaro, Michoacán, and Guanajuato before emptying into Lake Chapala. The river ranks as the country's second-longest, shaping the ecosystems and livelihoods of millions of people along its course.
The Maya Region, the expansive heart of Mesoamerica, unfolds as a landscape of unparalleled diversity, spanning present-day Guatemala, Belize, and Mexico. Stretching from the mountainous peaks of the Sierra Madre to the semi-arid plains of northern Yucatán, this vast expanse encapsulates the historical and cultural landscape of the Mayan civilization in the pre-Columbian era.
The Mexican Plateau, often called the Mexican Altiplano, is one of northern and central Mexico's most significant geographical features, characterized by its vast expanse and diverse ecosystems. Comprising two major segments, the Mesa del Norte and the Mesa Central, this plateau region holds immense importance geographically and culturally.
The Middle America Trench, alternatively known as the Central America Trench or Mid-American Trench, stands as a prominent oceanic trench in the eastern Pacific Ocean, defining the coastal boundaries of Mexico and Central America. It can be divided into a northern section called the Acapulco Trench and a southern section called the Guatemala Trench.
The Petén Basin and the Maya Forest are two interconnected regions in Central America. These regions are known for their rich history, biodiversity, geography, archaeology, ecology, and socio-economic significance. The Petén Basin and the Maya Forest are characterized by their unique history and geography, which have played an integral role in shaping their current relevance.
The Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt, alternatively known as the Cordillera Neo-Volcánica, stands as a geological masterpiece stretching from the Pacific Ocean to the Gulf of Mexico in south-central Mexico. Encompassing an active volcanic arc, this volcanic belt narrates a tale of the dynamic interplay between tectonic plates that has unfolded over millions of years.
The Yucatán Peninsula is a vast landmass between the Gulf of Mexico to the west and north and the Caribbean Sea to the east. It is a fascinating blend of diverse landscapes and cultural heritage. It includes the Mexican states of Campeche, Quintana Roo, and Yucatán, extending into Belize and Guatemala to the south. The region boasts rich geological formations, lush jungles, and ancient archaeological wonders.
The Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt Pine-Oak Forests Ecoregion is located in south-central Mexico. It boasts a stunning variety of biodiversity, characterized by a unique blend of landscapes dominated by pine and oak. Encompassing several states, this ecoregion holds substantial ecological importance, providing a sanctuary for a diverse range of plant and animal species.
Tulum is the site of a pre-Columbian Mayan walled city that served as a major port for the ancient city of Coba in the Mexican state of Quintana Roo. Tulum is situated on the east coast of the Yucatán Peninsula. Tulum was one of the last cities built and inhabited by the Maya.
The Valley of Mexico, also known as the Basin of Mexico, is nestled within the rugged embrace of the surrounding mountains. This expansive high-altitude basin in the heart of Mesoamerica has witnessed the rise and fall of indigenous cultures, leaving an indelible mark on the history and heritage of Mexico.