Mexico is a country rich in bodies of water, encompassing various aquatic environments, from vast oceans and seas to lakes, rivers, lagoons, and wetlands. In addition to its coastal regions, Mexico features numerous inland water bodies that support agriculture and facilitate transportation and trade.
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Sierra de San Pedro Mártir National Park encompasses dramatic terrain on the Baja Peninsula. Located within the Peninsular Ranges System, it is known for its pine and cypress trees, granite rock formations, and snow-capped mountains in the winter.
The Sierra del Carmen is the northernmost section of the eastern Sierra Madre range in Mexico, a sky island with ridges and peaks that rise from the base of the Chihuahuan Desert. The Maderas del Carmen Biosphere Reserve protects part of the Sierra del Carmen.
The Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve is located in Queretaro in northern Mexico. Its strategic biogeographical position between the Arctic Neotropical and Mesoamerican Mountain regions makes Sierra Gorda one of Mexico's most ecologically rich and diverse places.
The Sierra La Laguna Biosphere Reserve comprises dry forests within the Sierra de la Laguna mountain range in Mexico's Baja California Peninsula. It is the most critical reproduction site for the primary hummingbird species of Mexico and Latin America.
The Sierra Madre de Chiapas is a major mountain range of Central America that runs parallel to the Pacific coast, from southern Mexico northwest-southeast across the southern half of Guatemala and into El Salvador and Honduras.
The Sierra Madre is the principal mountain system of Mexico that encloses the central Mexican Plateau. Consisting of the Sierra Madre Oriental, Sierra Madre Occidental, Sierra Madre del Sur, and Sierra Madre de Oaxaca, the mountains form a broad northwest-southeast arc extending the length of Mexico.
Sumidero Canyon is located in the state of Chiapas, in southern Mexico. The Grijalva River runs through the canyon, cutting spectacular walls which form numerous small caves, rock formations, and waterfalls. The Sumidero Canyon National Park surrounds the canyon.
Nestled amidst the rugged mountains of southern Mexico lies the Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley, a region of unparalleled ecological and cultural significance. This semi-arid landscape harbors a remarkable diversity of plant and animal life while witnessing over 12,000 years of human habitation.
The Templo Mayor was the main temple of the Mexica people in their capital city of Tenochtitlan, now Mexico City. Construction of the first temple began sometime after 1325 and was rebuilt six times. The central plaza of Mexico City today was developed to the southwest of this archaeological site.
The Lacandón Forest, or Selva Lacandona, is a vast montane rainforest in southern Mexico. It's famous for its diverse flora and fauna, cultural heritage, and unique species found only in Mesoamerica. The forest spans from Chiapas to the Guatemalan border and includes the Montes Azules Biosphere Reserve, an unparalleled ecological-rich sanctuary.