Mexico is located in the southern portion of North America and is the third largest country in Latin America. A biodiverse country, it encompasses arid deserts and scrublands, tropical rainforests, temperate forests and grasslands, mangrove swamps, alpine ecosystems, and coral reefs.
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Landforms of Mexico
Located in the eastern Pacific Ocean, the Archipiélago de Revillagigedo is made up of four remote islands and their surrounding waters. Part of a submerged volcanic mountain range, the islands provide critical habitat for a range of wildlife and are of particular importance for seabirds.
Baja California is an arid peninsula in northwestern Mexico. It is bounded to the north by the United States, to the east by the Gulf of California, and to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean. It is separated from the mainland by the Gulf of California, also known as the Sea of Cortez or Vermilion Sea.
The Chihuahuan Desert stretches all the way from the southwestern United States deep into the Central Mexican Highlands. Bounded by the Sierra Madre range, this sheltered desert ecoregion is unique, encompassing one of the most biologically diverse arid regions on Earth.
The area known as Copper Canyon is a series of six interconnected canyons that were formed by six rivers that drain the western side of the Sierra Tarahumara, itself a spectacular mountainous region located within the Sierra Madre Occidental in northwestern Mexico.
The Gulf of Mexico is an ocean basin and a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean. It is bounded on the north by the Gulf Coast of the United States, on the southwest by Mexico and the Yucatán Peninsula and on the southeast by Cuba.
Islas Marietas are a group of small uninhabited islands a few miles off the coast of the state of Nayarit, southwest of the peninsula known as Punta de Mita. The islands are characterized by their wealth of bird and fish fauna. The island archipelago is both a National Park and Biosphere Reserve.
The Isthmus of Tehuantepec is an isthmus in southern Mexico between the Bay of Campeche and Gulf of Mexico to the north and the Gulf of Tehuantepec on the Pacific Ocean to the south. It represents the shortest distance between the Gulf of Mexico and the Pacific Ocean.
The Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System is a marine region, underwater ecosystem and geological structure that stretches from the Yucatán Peninsula down to Belize, Guatemala and Honduras. This underwater wilderness of coral provides homes and food to hundreds of species.
The Mexican Plateau, also known as the Mexican Altiplano, is a large arid to semiarid plateau that occupies much of northern and central Mexico. The plateau consists of the vast Mesa del Norte (Northern Plateau) and the smaller but heavily populated Mesa Central.
The Middle America Trench is a major subduction zone, an oceanic trench in the eastern Pacific Ocean off the coast of Mexico and Central America. It can be divided into a northern section called the Acapulco Trench and a southern section called the Guatemala Trench.