Mexico is a country rich in bodies of water, encompassing various aquatic environments, from vast oceans and seas to lakes, rivers, lagoons, and wetlands. In addition to its coastal regions, Mexico features numerous inland water bodies that support agriculture and facilitate transportation and trade.
Search LAC Geo
Landforms of Mexico
Located in the eastern Pacific Ocean, the Archipiélago de Revillagigedo is made up of four remote islands and their surrounding waters. Part of a submerged volcanic mountain range, the islands provide critical habitat for a range of wildlife and are of particular importance for seabirds.
Baja California is an arid peninsula in northwestern Mexico. It is bounded north by the United States, east by the Gulf of California, and south and west by the Pacific Ocean. It is separated from the mainland by the Gulf of California, also known as the Sea of Cortez or Vermilion Sea.
The Chihuahuan Desert stretches deep into the Central Mexican Plateau from the southwestern United States. Bounded by the Sierra Madre range, this sheltered desert ecoregion is unique, encompassing one of Earth's most biologically diverse arid regions.
Copper Canyon is a series of six interconnected canyons formed by six rivers that drain the western side of the Sierra Tarahumara, a spectacular mountainous region located within the Sierra Madre Occidental in northwestern Mexico.
The Gulf of Mexico is an ocean basin and a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean. This partially landlocked body of water is bounded on the northeast, north, and northwest by the United States Gulf Coast, the southwest and south by Mexico and the Yucatán Peninsula, and the southeast by Cuba.
The Islas del Golfo de California, with over 240 islands, is located in northwestern Mexico between the rocky and arid peninsula of Baja California, the vast Sonoran Desert, and the abundant mangroves of Sinaloa. It is a part of the Islands and Protected Areas of the Gulf of California World Heritage site.
Islas Marietas are a group of small uninhabited islands a few miles off the coast of Nayarit, Mexico, southwest of the peninsula known as Punta de Mita. The islands are characterized by their wealth of bird and fish fauna. The island archipelago is both a National Park and Biosphere Reserve.
The Isthmus of Tehuantepec is an isthmus in southern Mexico between the Bay of Campeche and the Gulf of Mexico to the north and the Gulf of Tehuantepec on the Pacific Ocean to the south. It represents the shortest distance between the Gulf of Mexico and the Pacific Ocean.
The Marismas Nacionales Lagoon System is a significant coastal wetland located on the Pacific coast of northwest Mexico and a substantial and crucial mangrove ecosystem. The Marismas Nacionales–San Blas mangrove ecoregion is renowned for its rich biodiversity and ecological significance.
The Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System is a marine region, underwater ecosystem and geological structure that stretches from the Yucatán Peninsula down to Belize, Guatemala and Honduras. This underwater wilderness of coral provides homes and food to hundreds of species.