Mexico is a country rich in bodies of water, encompassing various aquatic environments, from vast oceans and seas to lakes, rivers, lagoons, and wetlands. In addition to its coastal regions, Mexico features numerous inland water bodies that support agriculture and facilitate transportation and trade.
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Landforms of Mexico
The Peninsular Ranges System is a series of six coastal mountain ranges running from north to south along the entire Baja California Peninsula in northwestern Mexico. The Tres Vírgenes volcanic complex contains the only stratovolcanoes on the peninsula.
Pico de Orizaba is an inactive stratovolcano on the southern edge of the Mexican Plateau. It is home to the largest glacier in Mexico, Gran Glaciar Norte. Pico de Orizaba National Park protects the volcano and the surrounding area.
The Río Bravo, or more formally the Río Bravo del Norte, in Mexico, is known as the Rio Grande in the United States. The river flows generally southward for approximately 1,900 mi, forming the border between Mexico and the U.S. state of Texas before emptying into the Gulf of Mexico.
San Lorenzo Marine Archipelago National Park, located on San Lorenzo Island, is part of an archipelago in the Gulf of California off the eastern coast of Baja California. The area is protected due to its importance as a habitat for several endangered species.
The Sierra de Huautla is a mountain range in south-central Mexico. The Sierra de Huautla Biosphere Reserve is located in the Balsas River basin. Its rough topology contains a broad representation of ecosystems constituting a rich reservoir of species endemic to Mexico.
The Sierra del Carmen is the northernmost section of the eastern Sierra Madre range in Mexico, a sky island with ridges and peaks that rise from the base of the Chihuahuan Desert. The Maderas del Carmen Biosphere Reserve protects part of the Sierra del Carmen.
The Sierra Madre de Chiapas is a major mountain range of Central America that runs parallel to the Pacific coast, from southern Mexico northwest-southeast across the southern half of Guatemala and into El Salvador and Honduras.
The Sierra Madre is the principal mountain system of Mexico that encloses the central Mexican Plateau. Consisting of the Sierra Madre Oriental, Sierra Madre Occidental, Sierra Madre del Sur, and Sierra Madre de Oaxaca, the mountains form a broad northwest-southeast arc extending the length of Mexico.
Sumidero Canyon is located in the state of Chiapas, in southern Mexico. The Grijalva River runs through the canyon, cutting spectacular walls which form numerous small caves, rock formations, and waterfalls. The Sumidero Canyon National Park surrounds the canyon.
Nestled amidst the rugged mountains of southern Mexico lies the Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley, a region of unparalleled ecological and cultural significance. This semi-arid landscape harbors a remarkable diversity of plant and animal life while witnessing over 12,000 years of human habitation.