The Sierra de Huautla Biosphere Reserve is located in the Balsas River Basin. Its rough topology varies from 2,297 to 7,349 ft above sea level and contains a wide representation of ecosystems that constitute a rich reservoir of species endemic to Mexico.
Sierra de Huautla Biosphere Reserve
The Sierra de Huautla Biosphere Reserve is located in the Balsas River Basin. Its rough topology varies from 700 to 2,240 m (2,297 to 7,349 ft) above sea level and contains a wide representation of ecosystems that constitute a rich reservoir of species endemic to Mexico.
The Biosphere Reserve was established in 2006 and covers 59,031 hectares (145,869 acres) in the municipalities of Amacuzac, Tlaquiltenango, Tepalcingo, Jojutla and Puente de Ixtla.
The broad range of ecosystems in the Sierra de Huautla Biosphere Reserve includes low deciduous forests, gallery vegetation and pine-oak forests.
Various species of wildlife endemic to the Balsas Basin, Mesoamerica and Mexico are represented in the Sierra de Huautle Biosphere Reserve: 7 species of mammals, 34 species of birds, 28 species of reptiles and 6 species of amphibians.
The Biosphere Reserve is located in the basin of the Balsas River and is a rich reserve of Mexican endemic species. Its rugged topography gives rise to variations in altitude ranging from 700 to 2,240 m above sea level with a wide representation of ecosystems. Low deciduous forests, gallery vegetation and pine-oak forests are noteworthy for their land cover.
The low deciduous forests harbor a high percentage of life forms exclusive to Mexico and the number of endemic species is higher than in other types of vegetation. Nine hundred and thirty-nine species of native vascular plants have been recorded out of the 3,345 reported for the State of Morelos.
Representative species include: Tepehuaje (Lysiloma acapulcense), Guayacán (Conzattia multiflora), (Lysiloma divaricata), (Quercus glaucoides), (Quercus conspersa), Espino, huizache (Acacia constricta var. farnesiana), Borreguilla (Acacia cochliacantha), Espino (Mimosa polyantha) and Mesquite (Prosopis laevigata).
Seventy-one species of mammals, 208 species of birds, 53 species of reptiles, 18 species of amphibians and 14 species of fish have been recorded.
Species of fauna present include the Short-horned Baronia butterfly (Baronia brevicornis brevicornis), the Beaded Lizard (Heloderma horridum), the Military Macaw (Ara militaris), the Rufus-backed Robin (Turdus rufopalliatus), the Balsas Screech-Owl (Otus seductus), the Pileated Flycatcher (Xenotriccus mexicanus), the Puma (Puma concolor), the Ocelot (Leopardus pardalis), the Margay (Leopardus wiedii), the Bobcat (Linx rufus) and the Jaguarundi (Herpailurus yagouaroundi).
Relict populations of 44 species of butterflies, representative of a warm humid region, are found in the Biosphere Reserve.