Sometimes simply referred to as the Amazon (or Amazonia), the Amazon Rainforest is a region in northern South America that occupies the Amazon Basin, a drainage basin of the Amazon River and its tributaries in South America. Nine nations have some part of the Amazon within their borders.
The territory of Guiana Amazonian Park covers 40% of French Guiana, making it the largest national park of France and of the European Union. Difficult to access, it protects one of the strongest biodiversity zones on the planet.
The Guiana Shield is one of the three cratons of the South American Plate. It is a 1.7 billion-year-old Precambrian geological formation in northeast South America that forms a portion of the northern coast. The higher elevations on the shield are called the Guyanan Highlands.
Located on the northeast coast of South America, the Guianan Moist Forests ecoregion is one of the largest continuous tracts of relatively pristine lowland tropical rain forest in the world. It holds a wide variety of regional biodiversity with high levels of species endemism and richness.