Inhabited over a period of 1,500 years by a succession of peoples — the terraces, dams, canals, pyramids and artificial mounds of Monte Albán are the symbols of a sacred topography. The nearby city of Oaxaca, which is built on a grid pattern, is an example of Spanish colonial town planning.
Archaeological Sites in Central America
Joya de Cerén is an archaeological site located in the Department of La Libertad, El Salvador. The site contains the remains of a pre-Hispanic farming village that was covered by a volcanic eruption in the seventh century AD. It is often referred to as the "Pompeii of the Americas."
The Lagunas de Montebello National Park and Biosphere Reserve is located in the Sierra Madre de Chiapas physiographic province, near the border with Guatemala. The property comprises 59 multi-colored lakes in a pine forest, along with the Maya ruins of Chinkultic.
Discovered in 1570, the ruins of Copán in western Honduras is one of the most important sites of the Mayan civilization. Not excavated until the 19th century, the ruined citadel and imposing public squares reveal the three main stages of development before the city was abandoned in the early 10th century.
The stone spheres of Costa Rica are an assortment of over 300 petrospheres, located on the Diquís Delta. The Pre-Columbian Chiefdom Settlements with Stone Spheres of the Diquís are physical evidence of pre-Columbian hierarchical societies.
The archaeological site of Palenque, in the Mexican state of Chiapas, is one of the most outstanding Classic period sites of the Maya area. Palenque is an incomparable achievement of Mayan art and illustrates one of the most significant achievements of mankind in the American continent.
This sacred site was one of the greatest Mayan centers of the Yucatán Peninsula.The fusion of Mayan construction techniques with new elements from central Mexico make Chichen-Itza one of the most important examples of the Mayan-Toltec civilization in Yucatán.
The holy city of Teotihuacán was built between the 1st and 7th centuries A.D. and is characterized by the vast size of its monuments. As one of the most powerful cultural centers in Mesoamerica, Teotihuacán extended its cultural and artistic influence throughout the region and even beyond.
The ruins of the ceremonial structures at Uxmal, located in southwestern Yucatán, represent the pinnacle of late Maya art and architecture in their design, layout and ornamentation. The complex of Uxmal admirably demonstrates the social and economic structure of late Maya society.
The cultural landscape of the Prehistoric Caves of Yagul and Mitla, in subtropical Oaxaca, demonstrates the link between man and nature that gave origin to the domestication of plants in North America, thus allowing the rise of Mesoamerican civilizations.