Mexico is located in the southern portion of North America and is the third largest country in Latin America. A biodiverse country, it encompasses arid deserts and scrublands, tropical rainforests, temperate forests and grasslands, mangrove swamps, alpine ecosystems, and coral reefs.
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Biomes / Ecosystems of Mexico
The Chihuahuan Desert stretches all the way from the southwestern United States deep into the Central Mexican Highlands. Bounded by the Sierra Madre range, this sheltered desert ecoregion is unique, encompassing one of the most biologically diverse arid regions on Earth.
Home to the Lacandón indigenous tribe, the Lacandón Forest is known for the amazing diversity of its flora and fauna. The Montes Azules Biosphere Reserve encompasses much of this rainforest natural region which is home to important Mayan archaeological sites that include Yaxchilan and Bonampak.
The Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System is a marine region, underwater ecosystem and geological structure that stretches from the Yucatán Peninsula down to Belize, Guatemala and Honduras. This underwater wilderness of coral provides homes and food to hundreds of species.
The Sonoran Desert, also called Desierto de Altar, is an arid region covering 120,000 sq mi. This North American desert ecoregion covers large parts of northwestern Mexico in Sonora, Baja California and Baja California Sur as well as parts of the southwestern U.S.