The Caribbean region boasts a rich and diverse cultural landscape shaped by indigenous, African, European, and Asian influences. It encompasses numerous countries and territories, each with unique cultural expressions and historical narratives.
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Biosphere Reserves in the Caribbean
The Baconao Biosphere Reserve is situated in southeastern Cuba, between Santiago de Cuba and the province of Guantanamo, and includes three well-defined biogeographic zones. The area is a large park region with various attractions in addition to wildlife refuges and coffee plantations.
Caguanes National Park is established around the Caguanes Peninsula on the northern coast of Cuba and is the core area of the Buenavista Biosphere Reserve. The protected area includes coral reefs, rocky beaches, evergreen coastal forests, and mangroves.
Ciénaga de Zapata (Zapata Swamp) is located within the Zapata Peninsula on the southern coast of Cuba. Both a National Park and Biosphere Reserve, it is one of the largest and most important wetlands in the Caribbean region with a marine borderline.
The Cuchillas del Toa Biosphere Reserve is located in the northeastern region of Cuba. It protects tropical wet forests and coastal/marine ecosystems within the mountain region of Sagua-Garacoa and much of the Toa River watershed. It is considered one of Cuba's principal centers of biodiversity and endemism.
Guadeloupe National Park encompasses a tropical forest and includes La Grande Soufrière volcano and the Grand Cul-de-Sac Marin Nature Reserve, a marine protected area adjacent to the park, comprising the Archipel de la Guadeloupe Biosphere Reserve.
The Guánica Biosphere Reserve in southwestern Puerto Rico comprises coastal areas with mangrove cays and subtropical dry forests. Designated Guánica State Forest in 1919, it is considered the best-preserved subtropical forest and the best example of a dry forest in the Caribbean.
This transboundary Biosphere Reserve includes the biodiverse reserves of La Selle in Haiti and Jaragua-Bahoruco-Enriquillo in the Dominican Republic. These reserves include the La Visite National Park in Haiti and the Lago Enriquillo National Park in the Dominican Republic.
The Massif de la Hotte is a mountain range in southwestern Haiti located in southeastern Haiti. La Hotte Biosphere Reserve includes six mountain peaks and encompasses terrestrial and marine areas. The region is considered a biodiversity hotspot due to the wide variation in climate.
The Northeast Tobago Biosphere Reserve is located within the northeast region of the island of Tobago, comprised of a large marine and terrestrial area. It presents a rare Caribbean island ridge-to-ocean ecosystem, including the world's oldest tropical rainforest reserve.
Guanahacabibes Peninsula is located at the westernmost point on the island of Cuba. The peninsula is sparsely populated. The waters surrounding the peninsula are spiny lobster and red snapper fishing grounds. It is both a National Park and a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve.