Guadeloupe National Park encompasses a tropical forest and includes La Grande Soufrière volcano along with the Grand Cul-de-Sac Marin Nature Reserve, a marine protected area adjacent to the park, together comprise the Archipel de la Guadeloupe Biosphere Reserve.
Biosphere Reserves in the Caribbean
The Baconao Biosphere Reserve is situated in southeastern Cuba, between Santiago de Cuba and the province of Guantanamo, and includes three well-defined biogeographic zones. The area is a large park region which contains a variety of attractions in addition to wildlife refuges and coffee plantations.
Caguanes National Park is established around the Caguanes Peninsula on the northern coast of Cuba and is the core area of the Buenavista Biosphere Reserve which includes coral reefs, rocky beaches, evergreen coastal forest and mangroves.
Ciénaga de Zapata (Zapata Swamp) is located within the Zapata Peninsula on the southern coast of Cuba. Both a National Park and Biosphere Reserve, it is one of the largest and most important wetlands in the Caribbean region with a marine borderline.
The Cuchillas del Toa Biosphere Reserve is located in the northeastern region of Cuba and covers the mountain region of Sagua-Garacoa as well as much of the Toa River watershed. It is considered as one of the principal centers of biodiversity and endemism in Cuba.
The Guánica Biosphere Reserve in southwestern Puerto Rico comprises coastal areas with mangrove cays and subtropical dry forest. Designated Guánica State Forest in 1919, it is considered the best preserved subtropical forest and best example of dry forest in the Caribbean.
This transboundary biosphere reserve includes the biodiverse reserves of La Selle in Haiti and Jaragua-Bahoruco-Enriquillo in the Dominican Republic. These two reserves also include the La Visite National Park in Haiti and the Lago Enriquillo National Park in the Dominican Republic.
The La Hotte Biosphere Reserve is located in southeastern Haiti, includes six mountain peaks, and encompasses both terrestrial and marine areas. The region is considered a biodiversity hotspot due to the wide variation in climate, which ranges from humid to subtropical dry.
The Northeast Tobago Biosphere Reserve is located within the northeast region of the island of Tobago, made up of a large marine and terrestrial area. The reserve presents a rare Caribbean Island Ridge-to-Ocean ecosystem that includes the world's oldest tropical rain forest reserve.
Guanahacabibes Peninsula is located at the westernmost point on the island of Cuba. The peninsula is sparsely populated. The waters surrounding the peninsula are spiny lobster and red snapper fishing grounds. It is both a National Park and a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve.