The Agua y Paz (Water and Peace) Biosphere Reserve is characterized by mountain ranges, volcanoes and plains. The reserve is comprised of eight core zones that are protected wildlife areas. Its natural riches include wetlands, navigable rivers and tropical humid forests.
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Protected Areas in Costa Rica
The Alberto Manuel Brenes Biological Reserve is a nature reserve in the central part of Costa Rica. It is part of the Arenal Tilaran Conservation Area which protects tropical forest area near San Ramón.
Arenal National Park is located in Alajuela province in northwestern Costa Rica. The park encompasses the Arenal Volcano, an active andesitic stratovolcano. It was Costa Rica's most active volcano until 2010 and one of the ten most active volcanoes in the world.
Barbilla National Park is located on the eastern slopes of the Cordillera de Talamanca in Costa Rica, within the Caribbean La Amistad Conservation Area. The park protects humid lowland rain forest along the Caribbean slopes of the Talamancan mountain range.
Barra Honda National Park is located in western Costa Rica and is part of the Tempisque Conservation Area. It was created in 1974 to protect its famous cave systems under the Barra Honda Peak which was formed when islets from the Miocene Era were raised above the plains of the river.
Cocos Island lies off the Pacific coast of Costa Rica and is the only island in the tropical eastern Pacific with a tropical rain forest. Surrounded by deep waters with counter-currents, Cocos Island National Park is admired by scuba divers for its populations of large marine species.
Corcovado National Park conserves the largest primary forest on the American Pacific coastline and is one of the few remaining sizable areas of lowland tropical forests in the world. It is considered the crown jewel in the extensive system of parks and reserves spread across Costa Rica.
The Cordillera Volcánica Central Biosphere Reserve, located in the central highlands of Costa Rica, is rich in both natural resources and cultural heritage. It encompasses four national parks, two forest reserves, six protected zones and a national monument.
This conservation area in northwestern Costa Rica contains a mosaic of diverse ecosystems from the Pacific shores to the lowland rain forests in the Caribbean basin. It is comprised of four contiguous protected areas, containing important terrestrial and marine-coastal environments and key habitats.
Guanacaste National Park is located in the northern part of Costa Rica and was created to allow a corridor between the dry forest and rain forest areas which many species migrate between seasonally. It is a part of the Area de Conservación Guanacaste World Heritage Site.