Chan Chan was the largest city of the pre-Columbian era in South America. It was the seat of the ancient Chimú civilization before it fell to the Incas. It is now an archaeological site near Trujillo on northern Peru's desert coast.
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The city of Tiwanaku was the capital of a powerful pre-Hispanic empire that dominated a large area of the southern Andes and beyond. Its monumental remains testify to the cultural and political significance of this civilization which is distinct from any of the other pre-Hispanic empires of the Americas.
The ruins of the ceremonial structures at Uxmal, located in southwestern Yucatán, represent the pinnacle of late Maya art and architecture in their design, layout and ornamentation. The complex of Uxmal admirably demonstrates the social and economic structure of late Maya society.
The stone spheres of Costa Rica are an assortment of over 300 petrospheres, located on the Diquís Delta. The Pre-Columbian Chiefdom Settlements with Stone Spheres of the Diquís are physical evidence of pre-Columbian hierarchical societies.
Paquimé, Casas Grandes played a key role in trade and cultural contacts between the southwestern United States and northern Mexico, and the more advanced civilizations of Mesoamerica. The archaeological zone is distinguished by its impressive buildings in earthen architecture.
The National Archaeological Park of Tierradentro is located in southwestern Colombia within the Cordillera Central of the Colombian Andes. The World Heritage Site contains all known monumental shaft and chamber tombs of Tierradentro culture, the largest and most elaborate tombs of their kind.
The pre-Columbian City of El Tajín, located in the state of Veracruz, is a site of great significance for Mesoamerican archaeology as it is one of the best preserved and most thoroughly excavated examples of a pre-Hispanic town from the time between the fall of Teotihuacan and the rise of the Aztec empire.
The Valongo Wharf Archaeological Site encompasses the entirety of Jornal do Comércio Square. It is in the former harbor area of Rio de Janeiro in which the old stone wharf was built for the landing of enslaved Africans reaching the South American continent from 1811 onward.
The Cultural Triangle: Yaxhá-Nakum-Naranjo National Park is a monumental area that contains Mayan cities like Yaxhá, Nakum, Naranjo and Holmul. It is the site of the first multidisciplinary project involving archaeologists, architects, conservators, restorers, biologists and workers.
The Nazca Lines are a group of very large geoglyphs formed by depressions or shallow incisions made in the soil of the Nazca Desert in southern Peru between 500 BC and 500 AD. The site is one of the most impressive-looking archaeological areas in the world.