The Fuerte de Samaipata archaeological site consists of two parts: the hill believed to have been the ceremonial center of the old town and the administrative and residential district. The huge sculptured rock, dominating the town below, has no parallel anywhere in the Americas.
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Chavín de Huántar takes its name from the culture that developed between 1500 and 300 B.C. in this high valley of the Peruvian Andes. Chavin is one of the earliest and best known pre-Columbian sites and represents an important expression of the construction techniques of its time.
The cultural landscape of the Prehistoric Caves of Yagul and Mitla, in subtropical Oaxaca, demonstrates the link between man and nature that gave origin to the domestication of plants in North America, thus allowing the rise of Mesoamerican civilizations.
The Ancient Maya City and Protected Tropical Forests of Calakmul, Campeche is both a World Heritage site and a Biosphere Reserve. The largest forest mass in Mexico and the second largest remnant forest left in Latin America, it is the heartland of the area in which the Maya civilization reached its climax.
The holy city of Teotihuacán was built between the 1st and 7th centuries A.D. and is characterized by the vast size of its monuments. As one of the most powerful cultural centers in Mesoamerica, Teotihuacán extended its cultural and artistic influence throughout the region and even beyond.
The archaeological site of Palenque, in the Mexican state of Chiapas, is one of the most outstanding Classic period sites of the Maya area. Palenque is an incomparable achievement of Mayan art and illustrates one of the most significant achievements of mankind in the American continent.
Xochicalco is an exceptionally well-preserved example of a fortified political, religious and commercial center from the troubled period of 650 to 900 A.D. that followed the breakup of the great Mesoamerican states such as Teotihuacán, Monte Albán, Palenque and Tikal.
Discovered in 1570, the ruins of Copán in western Honduras is one of the most important sites of the Mayan civilization. Not excavated until the 19th century, the ruined citadel and imposing public squares reveal the three main stages of development before the city was abandoned in the early 10th century.
Inhabited since the 2nd century A.D., Quiriguá became the capital of an autonomous and prosperous state. Its ruins contain some outstanding monuments and an impressive series of carved stelae and sculpted calendars that constitute an essential source for the study of Mayan civilization.
The Sacred City of Caral-Supe is a 5000 year old archaeological site, situated on a dry desert terrace, overlooking the green valley of the Supe River in Peru. It dates back to the Late Archaic Period of the Central Andes and is the oldest center of civilization in the Americas.