Mesopotamia is a geographical region of Argentina, in the northeastern corner of the country, that features the spectacular Iguazú Falls. The Missionary Jungle hosts one of the most biologically important ecosystems in the world and it is also one of the most endangered rainforests.
Mesopotamia is a geographical region of Argentina that encompasses the provinces of Misiones, Corrientes and Entre Ríos in the northeastern corner of the country.
Mesopotamia is part of the Brazilian central plateau and the entire region experiences high rainfall.
The northeast part of the region, Misiones province, consists of an extension of the Paraná Plateau and is covered in lush tropical rainforests. The spectacular Iguazú Falls are located in the northwest corner of the province on the Iguazú River. Misiones shares the falls with the Brazilian state of Paraná.
Corrientes and Entre Ríos provinces differ from Misiones in that their land surface consists of rolling grass-covered hills or mounds that rise from marshes and wooded lowlands.
Corrientes province is largely plain, with the highest points in the east. To the west, a series of descending platforms go down to the Paraná River.
Entre Ríos Province, to the south of Corrientes, is almost completely flat. Two main systems of low hills, called lomadas or cuchillas, are separated by the Gualeguay River.
The "selva parananese" or Upper Paraná Atlantic Forest, which is part of the Atlantic Forest, stretches across the borders of Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina. Today, most of the remaining forest is found in the province of Misiones in northern Argentina. Here it is known as the Missionary Jungle.
The Missionary Jungle hosts one of the most biologically important ecosystems in the world and it is also one of the most endangered rainforests.
The rainforest provides a habitat for an impressive variety of species. As an example, approximately 450 different tree varieties can be found in only one hectare.
The Missionary Jungle is a habitat for flora and fauna found nowhere else. Over 90% of all amphibians and 50% of all plants found in the forest are endemic.