Sinú Valley Dry Forests Ecoregion (South America)

Sinú Valley Dry Forests Ecoregion (South America)

Mon, 11/19/2018 - 16:27
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The Sinú Valley dry forests is an ecoregion in the north of Colombia. The region is known for its tremendous richness in terms of biodiversity, due to the amount of species and level of endemism.

The Sinú Valley dry forests is an ecoregion in the north of Colombia. The region is known for its tremendous richness in terms of biodiversity, due to the amount of species and level of endemism.

Due to the amount of wetlands, as lagoons, marshes, swamps and mangroves to the coast, and its location in the northernmost part of the continent, the valley is the place of arrival of many migratory species of birds of prey, waterfowl and songbirds during the northern winters.

The Sinú Valley has one of the most fertile soils in Colombia, due to the annual floods of the Sinú River, which together with a seasonal climate, has developed a rich and endemic flora within an ecosystem very abundant in wildlife. Moist forests and the Caribbean Sea to the north surround this seasonal dry region.

The rainfall is highly seasonal, with a dry period between January and March, and the rainy season between April and December, with a short dry period around June.

Today the valley is covered by grasslands for cattle ranching with introduced grass species like Bracchiaria spp. and indigenous grasses as Andropogon spp. Agriculture is mainly commercial today, with such crops as cotton, soybean, rice, papaya and watermelon.