The Andes Mountains, also known as Cordillera de Los Andes, are renowned as the world's lengthiest continental mountain range, extending in a grand trajectory along the western coast of the South American continent. This extraordinary geographical feature not only delineates a slender western coastal area from the remaining expanse of the continent but also claims the distinction of being the tallest mountain range globally outside of Asia.
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The Peruvian Andes, part of the greater Andes system of South America, are formed by three main cordilleras that traverse the entire country. The Sierra natural region features fertile river valleys, high plains, deep canyons and the Altiplano plateau.
The Continental Divide of the Americas is a geographical marvel that serves as the principal hydrological divide across the entire American continent. This divide, characterized by its mountainous terrain, is crucial in determining water flow throughout the region. It separates the watersheds that drain into the Pacific from those river systems that drain into the Atlantic.
Tropical Andes - Biodiversity Hotspot: Preserving the Ecological Jewel The Editor Sat, 02/10/2024 - 20:06
The Tropical Andes region spans from northern Venezuela to Bolivia and includes the northernmost Andes mountain ranges. This region is home to the Tropical Andes Biodiversity Hotspot, the most biologically diverse of all known hotspots and harbors around one-sixth of all plant life on the planet. However, the Tropical Andes are encountering significant challenges that threaten their ecological significance.
The Venezuelan Andes form the northernmost extension of the Andes Mountains system. Cordillera de Mérida, commonly considered the proper Venezuelan Andes, along with the Serranía del Perijá, make up the Andean natural region of Venezuela.
The Venezuelan Coastal Range, also known as Cordillera de la Costa, is a mountain range that runs parallel to the northern coast of Venezuela. Sometimes referred to as the Maritime Andes, the range is a northeastern extension of the more extensive system of the Andes Mountains.