The Continental Divide of the Americas is the principal hydrological divide of the Americas, extending from the northern reaches of North America to the southern reaches of South America. It separates the watersheds that drain into the Pacific from those river systems that drain into the Atlantic.
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The Tropical Andes region includes the northernmost Andes ranges, from Venezuela south into Bolivia. The Tropical Andes Biodiversity Hotspot is the most biologically diverse of all recognized hotspots and contains about one-sixth of all plant life on Earth.
The Venezuelan Andes form the northernmost extension of the Andes Mountains system. Cordillera de Mérida, commonly considered the proper Venezuelan Andes, along with the Serranía del Perijá, make up the Andean natural region of Venezuela.
The Venezuelan Coastal Range, also known as Cordillera de la Costa, is a mountain range that runs parallel to the northern coast of Venezuela. Sometimes referred to as the Maritime Andes, the range is a northeastern extension of the more extensive system of the Andes Mountains.