Chan Chan was the largest city of the pre-Columbian era in South America. It was the seat of the ancient Chimú civilization before it fell to the Incas. It is now an archaeological site near Trujillo on northern Peru's desert coast.
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Archaeological Sites in South America
The Chankillo Archaeological Site is situated in a coastal desert in the Ancash region of Peru. Constructed in the fourth century BC, it has been interpreted as a fortified temple complex with a solar observatory known as the "Thirteen Towers."
Chavin de Huántar is one of the earliest and best-known pre-Columbian archaeological sites. The city was a ceremonial and pilgrimage center for the Andean religious world. The site takes its name from the culture that developed between 1500 and 300 B.C. in the Peruvian Andes high valley.
Choquequirao is an Incan archaeological complex, similar in structure and architecture to Machu Picchu, tucked into the Vilcabamba mountains in the Cusco region of southern Peru. It is located on a glaciated peak overlooking the Apurimac River canyon.
Ciudad Perdida is an ancient Tairona indigenous town and archaeological site carved into Colombia's isolated Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta mountainside. It is believed to have been founded about 800 CE, some 650 years earlier than Machu Picchu.
Cueva de las Manos, Río Pinturas (a World Heritage site) contains an assemblage of cave art, executed between 13,000 and 9,500 years ago. The people responsible for the paintings may have been the ancestors of the historic hunter-gatherer communities of Patagonia.
Easter Island lies at the southeasternmost point of the Polynesian Triangle in Oceania. It is famous for its monumental moai statues, created by the early Rapa Nui. Rapa Nui National Park is a protected Chilean wildlife area and UNESCO World Heritage Site on Easter Island.
El Fuerte de Samaipata is a Pre-Columbian archaeological and UNESCO World Heritage Site located in the eastern foothills of the Bolivian Andes. It is unique as it encompasses buildings of three cultures: Chanè, Inca, and Spanish.
Embedded within a dramatic landscape between the Andes and the Amazon Basin, the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu is among the greatest artistic, architectural and land use achievements anywhere, as well as the most significant tangible legacy of the Inca civilization.
Huaca Pucllana is an archaeological site in the form of an adobe, clay pyramid, and ceremonial center located in the Miraflores district of Lima, Peru. It has become one of the main tourist attractions of Metropolitan Lima and the most investigated archaeological site in the city.