The Agua y Paz (Water and Peace) Biosphere Reserve is characterized by mountain ranges, volcanoes and plains. The reserve is comprised of eight core zones that are protected wildlife areas. Its natural riches include wetlands, navigable rivers and tropical humid forests.
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Biosphere Reserves in Central America
The Apaneca-Ilamatepec Biosphere Reserve, located in El Salvador within the Central America Volcanic Arc, protects important ecosystems for species conservation. It hosts highly diverse habitats, such as páramo montane forests, cloud forests, conifer forests, and volcanic lava flow vegetation.
The Bosawás Biosphere Reserve is located in the north of Nicaragua, next to the border with Honduras. Together with three neighboring protected areas of Honduras, it constitutes the largest protected area complex of tropical mountain moist forest north of the Amazon Basin.
The Cacique Lempira, Señor de las Montañas Biosphere Reserve, which includes Celaque National Park, is located in the western part of Honduras. The ecosystem is primarily cloud forest and includes Cerro las Minas, the highest mountain in Honduras.
The Cordillera Volcánica Central Biosphere Reserve, located in the central highlands of Costa Rica, is rich in both natural resources and cultural heritage. It encompasses four national parks, two forest reserves, six protected zones and a national monument.
Darién National Park and Biosphere Reserve is the largest protected area in Panama, containing an exceptional variety of habitats: sandy beaches, rocky coasts, mangroves, and swamps as well as lowland and upland tropical forests containing remarkable wildlife.
The Maya Biosphere Reserve in the Petén region of northern Guatemala, together with the Maya Forest of Belize and Mexico, represents one of the largest areas of tropical forest north of the Amazon and the northernmost in the Western Hemisphere.
Ometepe Island is located in southwest Nicaragua, formed by two volcanoes rising out of Lake Nicargua. It is the lake's largest island. The two imposing volcanoes, Maderas and Concepcion, define its topography. The island was designated a Biosphere Reserve in 2010.
Located on the watershed of the Río Plátano, the Biosphere Reserve and World Heritage Site is one of the few remnants of tropical rainforest in Central America. With a diverse abundance of plants and wildlife within its landscape, over 2,000 indigenous people have preserved their traditional way of life.
The Río San Juan Biosphere Reserve is composed of seven protected areas. It covers an important variety of ecosystems representative of tropical humid forests and wetlands, tidal marsh, coastal lagoons and estuaries which are important shelters for rare or threatened animals and plants.