The Sierra Madre is a mountain system that is part of the American Cordillera, a chain of mountain ranges that consists of an almost continuous sequence of ranges that form the western backbone of North America, Central America, South America and West Antarctica.
Landforms of Honduras
The Central America Volcanic Arc is a chain of volcanic formations that extend from Guatemala to Northern Panama, parallel to the Pacific coastline of the Central American Isthmus. They range from major stratovolcanoes to lava domes and cinder cones.
The Gulf of Fonseca, a sheltered inlet of the Pacific Ocean, is a gulf in Central America that is bounded in the northwest by El Salvador, the northeast by Honduras and the southeast by Nicaragua. Notable among the islands in the gulf are Zacate Grande, El Tigre and Meanguera.
The Bay Islands are a group of eight islands and 53 small cays situated within the Gulf of Honduras, an inlet of the Caribbean Sea. The island of Roatán rests on an exposed ancient coral reef and has become an important cruise, diving and eco-tourism destination in Honduras.
The Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System is a marine region, underwater ecosystem and geological structure that stretches from the Yucatán Peninsula down to Belize, Guatemala and Honduras. This underwater wilderness of coral provide homes and food to hundreds of species.