Panama hosts diverse water bodies that greatly influence its geography, ecology, and economy. These bodies of water provide valuable fishing, transportation, and tourism resources and support rich ecosystems that make Panama a unique and biodiverse destination in the region.
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Landforms of Panama
The Azuero Peninsula is in southern Panama, surrounded by the Pacific Ocean and the Gulf of Panama. Panama City, the Panamanian capital, is the main urban center on the gulf shore. The Pearl Islands are an archipelago in the Gulf of Panama.
The Bocas del Toro Archipelago is a picturesque and diverse collection of islands, islets, and cays off Panama's northern Caribbean coast. It is a popular tourist destination for its beaches, rainforests, and coral reefs.
The Central America Volcanic Arc is a chain of hundreds of volcanic formations that extend from Guatemala to northern Panama, parallel to the Pacific coastline of the Central American Isthmus. These volcanic formations range from major stratovolcanoes to lava domes and cinder cones.
The Cordillera de Talamanca is a mountain range that lies in the southeast half of Costa Rica and the far west of Panama. The range rises from sea level on the Caribbean side to over 12,000 ft and then drops back down to the General Valley on the Pacific side.
The Gulf of Darién is the southernmost extension of the Caribbean Sea, situated off the northwestern coast of Colombia and the southeastern coast of Panama. The Gulf of Urabá, a long, wide inlet located on the coast of Colombia, is the southernmost portion of the Gulf of Darién.
The Isthmus of Panama connects North and South America. It separates the Atlantic Ocean from the Pacific Ocean. The Panama Canal is one of the most strategic artificial waterways in the world and one of the most significant and challenging engineering projects ever undertaken.
The San Blas Islands, also known as the Guna Yala Archipelago, is a stunning group of islands and cays along Panama's northeastern Caribbean coast. Guna Yala is an indigenous territory and home to the Guna people, one of Panama's most distinct and culturally rich indigenous groups.