Amazonia National Park is located in Pará state in north-central Brazil and is situated along the Tapajós River, covering about 3,300 sq mi. Consisting of dense humid tropical forest, the park contains an extremely biodiverse habitat.
Cocos Island lies off the Pacific coast of Costa Rica and is the only island in the tropical eastern Pacific with a tropical rain forest. Surrounded by deep waters with counter-currents, Cocos Island National Park is admired by scuba divers for its populations of large marine species.
The Baconao Biosphere Reserve is situated in southeastern Cuba, between Santiago de Cuba and the province of Guantanamo, and includes three well-defined biogeographic zones. The area is a large park region which contains a variety of attractions in addition to wildlife refuges and coffee plantations.
The Bañados del Este Biosphere Reserve comprises a remarkable complex of ecosystems and a vast complex of coastal wetlands. Together, these form a rich habitat for an assortment of wildlife, including myriad species that are categorized as near-threatened or endangered.
Located at the southeastern tip of the State of Quintana Roo in the Yucatán Peninsula, Banco Chinchorro Biosphere Reserve encompasses a mosaic of open water, sea grass beds, mangroves, sand beaches and coral reefs that is considered one of the most outstanding marine sites in the region.
Barbilla National Park is located on the eastern slopes of the Cordillera de Talamanca in Costa Rica, within the Caribbean La Amistad Conservation Area. The park protects humid lowland rain forest along the Caribbean slopes of the Talamancan mountain range.
Barra Honda National Park is located in western Costa Rica and is part of the Tempisque Conservation Area. It was created in 1974 to protect its famous cave systems under the Barra Honda Peak which was formed when islets from the Miocene Era were raised above the plains of the river.
The coastal area of Belize is an outstanding natural system consisting of the largest barrier reef in the northern hemisphere, offshore atolls, several hundred sand cays, mangrove forests, coastal lagoons and estuaries. The system’s seven sites are a significant habitat for threatened species.
One of the first protected areas to be established in Bolivia, the Beni Biosphere Reserve is located at the convergence of three biogeographical zones: the Amazon, the Chaco and the Cerrado. The reserve comprises diverse forest formations and is home to important indigenous Amazonian groups.
Bernardo O'Higgins National Park is currently the largest protected area in Chile. Along with Torres del Paine National Park, the park occupies over 90% of the Southern Patagonian Icefield; the remainder of it, across the border in Argentina, is included within Los Glaciares National Park.
The Bioma Pampa-Quebradas del Norte Biosphere Reserve is located in northern Uruguay and comprises a mosaic of different ecosystems, including a primary forest with subtropical jungle, the quebradas, which represents the southernmost vestige of the Atlantic Forest environment.
The Blue and John Crow Mountains encompass a rugged and forested mountainous region in southeast Jamaica, which provided refuge first for the indigenous Tainos fleeing slavery and then for the formerly enslaved Maroons. Also a National Park, the area is a biodiversity hotspot for the Caribbean.