Located in the transition zone between the arid steppe of Argentine Patagonia and the temperate southern beech forests of Chilean Patagonia, Patagonia National Park encompasses an array of ecosystems including grassland, riparian forest and wetland.
Alberto de Agostini National Park is a protected area in southern Chile that includes the Cordillera Darwin mountain range, the final land-based stretch of the Andes before it becomes a chain of mountains appearing as small islands that sink into the Pacific Ocean.
Alerce Andino National Park is located in the Andes, in the Los Lagos Region of Chile. The centerpiece of this lush and mountainous protected area are the Alerce forests. The Alerce can surpass 164 ft in height and live over 4,000 years.
The Andean Patagonian Forest spreads over steep elevations along a thin strip on both sides of the Andes Mountains in southern South America. These temperate forests, located in both southern Chile and Argentina, are the southernmost forests on earth.
The Andes are the longest continental mountain range in the world, forming a continuous highland along the western edge of South America. Extremely high plateaus surmounted by even higher peaks form a rampart from the southern tip of South America to the continent’s northernmost coast on the Caribbean.
The Araucarias Biosphere Reserve is situated in the southern part of the volcanic Andes chain in south-central Chile. Conguillío National Park constitutes the core area and includes the Llaima volcano, one of the largest and most active volcanoes in Chile.
The Atacama Desert is located in northern Chile between Argentina on the west and the Pacific Ocean on the east. Sparsely populated and containing considerable mineral resources, the Atacama Desert is one of the driest places in the world.
The Atacama Plateau is an arid high plateau in the Andes of northern Argentina and extending into Chile. The "Puna de Atacama" is a cold desolate Andean tableland in northwestern Argentina and adjacent regions of Chile.
Bernardo O'Higgins National Park is currently the largest protected area in Chile. Along with Torres del Paine National Park, the park occupies over 90% of the Southern Patagonian Icefield; the remainder of it, across the border in Argentina, is included within Los Glaciares National Park.
Bosque de Fray Jorge, Talinay and Punta del Viento National Parks comprise the Fray Jorge Biosphere Reserve, situated north of Santiago. Its forests are green oases surrounded by semiarid lands. The park and reserve shelters almost all of the Mediterranean species typical of Chile.
Bosques Templados de los Andes Australes is a Biosphere Reserve in southern Chile, comprised of eight national protected areas. Hosting extraordinary biodiversity, it is classified as one of the largest and most ecologically intact forest remnants on earth by the World Resources Institute.