Montevideo is both the principal city, most important port and capital of Uruguay. As the commercial, financial and political center of Uruguay, the city is considered to have the highest quality of life in Latin America.
The Bañados del Este Biosphere Reserve comprises a remarkable complex of ecosystems and a vast complex of coastal wetlands. Together, these form a rich habitat for an assortment of wildlife, including myriad species that are categorized as near-threatened or endangered.
Colonia del Sacramento is located at the tip of a short peninsula with a strategic position on the north shore of Uruguay's Río de la Plata. The Historic Quarter is a fusion of Portuguese, Spanish and post-colonial styles. The buildings date from the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries.
The Bioma Pampa-Quebradas del Norte Biosphere Reserve is located in northern Uruguay and comprises a mosaic of different ecosystems, including a primary forest with subtropical jungle, the quebradas, which represents the southernmost vestige of the Atlantic Forest environment.
Fray Bentos is the capital of the Río Negro Department. Its port on the Uruguay River is one of the nation's most important harbors. The Fray Bentos industrial complex was built in the mid-nineteenth century to process meat produced on the vast prairies nearby.
Río de la Plata is a tapering intrusion of the Atlantic Ocean on the east coast of South America between Uruguay to the north and Argentina to the south. It empties into the Atlantic Ocean. The Rio de La Plata drainage basin is bounded by the Brazilian Highlands, the Andes Mountains and Patagonia.
The Pampas are a natural region of vast fertile lowland plains in South America that extend from the Atlantic Ocean to the Andes Mountains. These flat, fertile plains are a grassland biome that can be divided into three distinct ecoregions: the Uruguayan Savanna, the Humid Pampas and the Semiarid Pampas.