Guatemala is known for its diverse and beautiful bodies of water, which play crucial roles in its natural environment, economy, and culture. They are essential resources for recreation, water-based activities, and tourism opportunities while sustaining local communities and supporting biodiversity.
Search LAC Geo
Antigua Guatemala was founded in 1543 and quickly became an important Spanish colonial hub. However, the city was repeatedly devastated by earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. The ruins left behind and its remarkable resilience contributes to the city's unique charm and historical character.
Nestled in the lush landscapes of the Department of Izabal in southeastern Guatemala, the Archaeological Park and Ruins of Quiriguá stand as a testament to the grandeur of Mayan civilization. Located along the lower Motagua River, this World Heritage site is a captivating archaeological treasure trove that unfolds the mysteries of an ancient city.
Lake Atitlán and Volcán Atitlán lie in a spectacular setting in the Guatemalan Highlands of the Sierra Madre of southwestern Guatemala. The lake is the deepest in Central America and is renowned as one of the most beautiful in the world. As a result, it is the country's most important tourist attraction.
The Maya Biosphere Reserve in the Petén region of northern Guatemala and the Maya Forest of Belize and Mexico represents one of the largest areas of tropical forest north of the Amazon and the northernmost in the Western Hemisphere.
Mesoamerica is a historical and cultural region that connects North and South America. It includes a vast isthmus that stretches from south-central Mexico to the Gulf of Nicoya. It comprises the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, the Yucatán Peninsula, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and northern Costa Rica. This region is home to diverse landscapes and climates, which make Mesoamerica historically and culturally significant.
The Pan-American Highway and the Inter-American Highway are intertwined road networks connecting the American continents. While they share similarities, they also have distinct characteristics and purposes. Their completion encounters a significant obstacle known as the Darién Gap.
The Sierra de las Minas runs east to west through the Guatemalan Highlands in the country's southeast. The Sierra de las Minas Biosphere Reserve contains a substantial part of the range and an estimated 60 percent of Guatemala’s remaining cloud forest.
The Sierra Madre de Chiapas is a major mountain range of Central America that runs parallel to the Pacific coast, from southern Mexico northwest-southeast across the southern half of Guatemala and into El Salvador and Honduras.
Tak'alik Ab'aj is a pre-Columbian archaeological site located in southwestern Guatemala. The city was a commercial hub between the Guatemalan Highlands and the Pacific coast. It is one of several Mesoamerican sites with both Olmec and Maya features.
The Andean Volcanic Belt and the Pacific Ring of Fire are regions where Earth's crustal plates interact, resulting in volcanic zones and seismic activity. The Andean belt is formed as the Nazca and Antarctic plates move beneath the South American Plate, while the Pacific Ring of Fire is home to over 450 volcanoes and an extensive network of oceanic trenches, volcanic arcs, and belts.