The Andes Mountains are the longest continental mountain range in the world. They form a continuous highland along the western coast of South America. The Andean Region extends from Caribbean Venezuela, through the Atacama Desert to cold, windy and wet Cape Horn.
Landforms of Argentina
The Atacama Plateau is an arid high plateau in the Andes of northern Argentina and extending into Chile. The "Puna de Atacama" is a cold desolate Andean tableland in northwestern Argentina and adjacent regions of Chile.
Cape Horn is the southernmost headland of the Tierra del Fuego archipelago of southern Chile. The Diego Ramírez Islands are a small group of islands located southwest of Cape Horn. The Drake Passage is the body of water between Cape Horn and the South Shetland Islands of Antarctica.
The Chilean Andes and Argentine Andes form most of the border between Chile and Argentina and make up the highest section of the Andes range. The Dry Andes and Wet Andes, along with the Patagonian Andes and Fuegian Andes, are climatic and glaciological subdivisons.
El Chaltén is a small mountain village in the Patagonian region of southern Argentina, near the border with Chile. It is a popular base for hiking numerous trails leading to the base of surrounding peaks and glacial lakes, including Cerro Torre, Fitz Roy and Lago del Desierto.
Aconcagua Provincial Park is a protected area in the Argentinean Andes, on the Chilean border. It is home to snow-capped Mount Aconcagua, South America’s tallest peak. With a summit elevation of 22,800 ft, Aconcagua is the highest mountain in both the Southern and Western Hemispheres.
The Paraguay River is South America's fifth largest river, running from the Brazilian state of Mato Grasso to its confluence with the Paraná River in Argentina, of which it is the main tributary. It serves as part of the Paraguayan border with Argentina as well as with Brazil.
The Paraná River is the second longest river in South America. Running through Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina, it becomes an alluvial basin before emptying into the Río de la Plata. The Paraná Delta consists of several islands known as the Islas del Paraná.
The Patagonian Desert, also known as the Patagonian Steppe, is a semiarid scrub plateau. The Patagonian steppe ecoregion, also known as the Magellanic Steppe, mainly covers the Patagonia region of Argentina to barely across the border into Chile.
Península Valdés in Argentina is home to significant biodiversity, including highly fragile terrestrial and marine ecosystems. The dynamic coastal zone features rocky cliffs, shallow bays, coastal lagoons and small islands.
Quebrada de Humahuaca, a natural valley corridor in northwestern Argentina, has been used over the past 10,000 years as a passage for the transport of people and ideas from the high Andean lands to the plains. Its settlements and field systems form a dramatic addition to the outstanding landscape.