The Amazon Rainforest is a natural region and biome in northern South America that occupies the Amazon Basin, a drainage basin of the Amazon River and its tributaries in South America. Nine nations have some part of the Amazon region within their borders.
Landforms of Peru
The Colca Canyon is a canyon of the Colca River in southern Peru, known for the soaring Andean Condors that can be seen throughout the year. The Colca Valley is a colorful Andean valley with pre-Inca roots and an area of astounding scenic beauty.
The Cordillera Blanca is a mountain range in Peru that is part of the larger Andes mountain system. It is located in the north-central part of the Cordillera Occidental (the westernmost part of the Peruvian Andes) and is the world's highest tropical mountain range.
The Cordillera Negra, is part of the Cordillera Occidental, one of three ranges in the Peruvian Andes system of west-central Peru. The range has rocky peaks with very little winter snowfall. The gullies of the range are gloomy, dark and mostly dry.
The Cordillera Vilcanota is a mountain range in southeastern Peru that constitutes one of the southern branches of the Cordillera Occidental. Vinicunca, or "Rainbow Mountain," is a natural landmark. Ausangate, with significance in Incan mythology, is the tallest peak in the range.
Huacachina is a village built around a small desert lagoon. This natural oasis is surrounded by sand dunes in what is often referred to as the "Ica Desert." The city of Ica lies along the desert coast of southern Peru. Ica, as well as Huacachina, is famous for its Pisco (brandy).
Lake Titicaca is a large, deep lake located at the northern end of the Altiplano basin, on the border of Peru and Bolivia. Lying high up in the Andes at 12,500 ft, it is the world's highest navigable lake. By volume of water and by surface area, it is the largest lake in South America.
The Madre de Dios River is a headwater tributary of the Amazon River. Shared by Peru and Bolivia, the river serves as the largest watershed in the area, as part of the vast Amazon River drainage basin. The river is an important transportation waterway for the region.
The Paracas National Reserve is a protected area in Peru that protects desert and marine ecosystems, including the Paracas Peninsula. The Ballestas Islands are a group of small islands off the coast of the peninsula that are an important sanctuary for marine fauna.
The Peruvian Andes, part of the greater Andes system of South America, are formed by three main cordilleras that traverse the entire country. The Sierra natural region features fertile river valleys, high plains, deep canyons and the Altiplano plateau.
The Peru–Chile Trench, also known as the Atacama Trench, is an oceanic trench in the eastern Pacific Ocean off the coast of Peru and Chile. It delineates the boundary between the subducting Nazca Plate and the overriding South American Plate.