Located on the western coast of South America, Peru is known as one of the world's most megadiverse countries and its biodiversity can be organized into four main biomes. Geographically, Peru is traditionally described in terms of three broad longitudinal regions: the Costa, the Sierra, and the Amazonia.
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Landforms of Peru
The Altiplano is a high plateau region in west-central South America in the area where the Andes are the widest. The bulk of the Altiplano-Puna plateau lies in Bolivia but its northern parts lie in Peru and its southern parts lie in Chile and Argentina. The Altiplano Basin is a sedimentary basin located on the plateau.
Sometimes referred to as Amazônia, the Amazon Rainforest is a natural region and biome in northern South America that occupies the Amazon Basin, a drainage basin of the Amazon River and its tributaries. Nine countries have some parts of the Amazon region within their borders.
The Andean Volcanic Belt is a major volcanic belt along the South American coast, segmented into four main areas of active volcanism. The Ring of Fire is an area in the Pacific Ocean basin where earthquakes and eruptions occur due to the movement and collision of tectonic plates.
The Andes Mountains are the longest continental mountain range in the world. They form a continuous highland along the western coast of South America. The Andean Region extends from Caribbean Venezuela, through the Atacama Desert to cold, windy and wet Cape Horn.
The Colca Canyon is a canyon of the Colca River in southern Peru, known for the soaring Andean Condors that can be seen throughout the year. The Colca Valley is a colorful Andean valley with pre-Inca roots and an area of astounding scenic beauty.
The Cordillera Blanca is a mountain range in Peru that is part of the larger Andes mountain system. It is located in the north-central part of the Cordillera Occidental (the westernmost part of the Peruvian Andes) and is the world's highest tropical mountain range.
Cordillera del Cóndor: El Cóndor National Park (Ecuador, Peru) The Editor Mon, 04/11/2022 - 20:17
Cordillera del Cóndor is a mountain range in the eastern Andes that is shared by and part of the international border between Ecuador and Peru. El Cóndor National Park is located in Ecuador, bordering the Santiago-Comaina protected area of Peru.
The Cordillera Huayhuash is a mountain range within the Peruvian Andes. The range is a compact but spectacular cluster of summits, comprising dozens of snowy peaks, considered by many adventure and nature lovers as one of the most spectacular trekking circuits in the Andes.
The Cordillera Negra is part of the Cordillera Occidental, one of three ranges in the Peruvian Andes system of west-central Peru. The range has rocky peaks with very little winter snowfall. The gullies of the range are gloomy, dark and mostly dry.
The Cordillera de Vilcabamba is a small mountain range located within the Cordillera Central of the Peruvian Andes, in the Cusco region of Peru. Part of the Andes Mountain system, the range extends northwestward from the city of Cusco.