Peru's cultural landscape is a tapestry of ancient civilizations, colonial history, indigenous traditions, contemporary arts, and culinary excellence. The preservation and celebration of its rich heritage and ongoing cultural expressions make Peru a captivating destination for cultural exploration.
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Protected Areas in Peru
The Alto Mayo Protection Forest is an area of protected forestland in northern Peru. This area preserves a portion of the tropical yungas forest in the upper Mayo River basin while protecting soil and water from erosion by deforestation. The area is the water supply for populations in the Mayo valley.
The Avireri-Vraem Biosphere Reserve is located in the provinces of Satipo and La Convención of central Peru. It is one of the largest reserves in Central and South America, composed of two large coastal lagoon systems and a wide variety of natural ecosystems.
Bahuaja-Sonene National Park of Peru is part of the world's largest multinational tropical protected area. It protects an area comprised of tropical rainforest, savanna, flooded grasslands, hills and mountains, harboring some of the wildest and least-impacted habitats in the world.
The Bosques de Neblina - Selva Central Biosphere Reserve is located in the Amazon basin of central Peru, in a transition zone between the eastern slopes of the Andes and the Amazon. Harboring four emblematic Peruvian ecosystems, it is home to a high biological and cultural diversity level.
The Bosques de Paz Transboundary Biosphere Reserve was formed by joining two existing biosphere reserves in Ecuador and Peru. The reserve includes seasonally dry forests that form the heart of the Endemic Region of Tumbes, one of the world's biodiversity hotspots.
Cutervo National Park, located in the northern Peruvian Andes, is Peru's oldest protected area. It was created to preserve flora and fauna diversity and the archaeological remains of the Cordillera de Tarros, which is home to the last cloud forests of Cajamarca and various ecosystems of native species.
The Gran Pajatén Biosphere Reserve is nestled between the Peruvian Andes and Amazon plains and comprises a diversity of natural habitats, notably dry forests and Yungas. It has a rich cultural and historical heritage, linked to 40 archaeological sites dating from the pre-Columbian era.
Situated in the Cordillera Blanca, Huascarán National Park and Biosphere Reserve protects the heart of the world's highest tropical mountain range in the central Peruvian Andes. The deep ravines, glacial lakes and variety of vegetation make it a site of spectacular beauty.
The Huayllay National Sanctuary is a forest of stones with impressive cliffs and bizarre figures formed by erosion caused by wind, water, and glaciers. The rock forest is a major tourist attraction for hiking and sightseeing and an international destination for rock climbers.
Lomas de Lachay National Reserve is a protected area in the desert foothills of Peru where moisture from coastal mists has created a unique micro-environment of dwarf forest called Lomas, which conceals many small animals and birds.