Montevideo is both the principal city, most important port and capital of Uruguay. As the commercial, financial and political center of Uruguay, the city is considered to have the highest quality of life in Latin America.
Founded by the Portuguese in 1549 as the first capital of Brazil, Salvador de Bahia is one of the oldest colonial cities in the Americas. The Historic Center is distinguished by its religious, civil and military colonial architecture dating from the 17th to the 19th centuries.
San Pedro de Atacama is a town and commune in the Antofagasta Region of northern Chile. The town grew, over centuries, around an oasis in the Puna de Atacama — an arid high plateau. It has become a popular tourist destination due to its proximity to various cultural and natural sites.
Stanley, formerly known as Port Stanley, is the capital of the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas). Founded in 1843, the town is located on the island of East Falkland. Prior to the construction of the Panama Canal, Stanley was a major repair stop for boats traveling through the Straits of Magellan.
The Sacred Valley of the Incas, also known as the Urubamba Valley, is located within the Peruvian Andes in the present-day Peruvian region of Cusco. The town of Urubamba is located near a number of significant ruins of the Inca Empire including Machu Picchu.
Zaruma, a town located in southern Ecuador, is known for its republic-era architecture, gold mines, culture, traditions and for having been founded by Spanish explorer Alonso de Mercadillo. The town is, more recently, becoming known for its coffee, gastronomy and art.