Central America is a region blessed with a remarkable diversity of mountain ranges that span its seven countries. These mountainous landscapes contribute to the region's captivating scenery, rich ecological heritage, and cultural significance
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Central American Cordillera
Central America Volcanic Arc The Editor Thu, 10/15/2020 - 15:09
The Central America Volcanic Arc is a chain of hundreds of volcanic formations that extend from Guatemala to northern Panama, parallel to the Pacific coastline of the Central American Isthmus. These volcanic formations range from major stratovolcanoes to lava domes and cinder cones.
The Cordillera de Guanacaste is a volcanic mountain range in northwestern Costa Rica, near the border with Nicaragua. The mountain range forms part of the southern region of the Continental Divide and contains several volcanic peaks and protected areas.
The Cordillera de Talamanca is a mountain range that lies in the southeast half of Costa Rica and the far west of Panama. The range rises from sea level on the Caribbean side to over 12,000 ft and then drops back down to the General Valley on the Pacific side.
The Sierra de las Minas runs east to west through the Guatemalan Highlands in the country's southeast. The Sierra de las Minas Biosphere Reserve contains a substantial part of the range and an estimated 60 percent of Guatemala’s remaining cloud forest.
The Sierra Madre de Chiapas is a major mountain range of Central America that runs parallel to the Pacific coast, from southern Mexico northwest-southeast across the southern half of Guatemala and into El Salvador and Honduras.
The Sierra Madre is the principal mountain system of Mexico that encloses the central Mexican Plateau. Consisting of the Sierra Madre Oriental, Sierra Madre Occidental, Sierra Madre del Sur, and Sierra Madre de Oaxaca, the mountains form a broad northwest-southeast arc extending the length of Mexico.
The Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt, also known as the Cordillera Neo-Volcánica and known locally as the Sierra Nevada, is located in south-central Mexico and extends east-west across the country from the Pacific Ocean to the Gulf of Mexico. This volcanic arc contains many of the country's tallest peaks.