The Sierra Madre is a mountain system that is part of the American Cordillera, a chain of mountain ranges that consists of an almost continuous sequence of ranges that form the western backbone of North America, Central America, South America and West Antarctica.
Central American Cordillera
The Central America Volcanic Arc is a chain of volcanic formations that extend from Guatemala to Northern Panama, parallel to the Pacific coastline of the Central American Isthmus. They range from major stratovolcanoes to lava domes and cinder cones.
Cordillera de Guanacaste is a volcanic mountain range in northern Costa Rica, near the border with Nicaragua. The mountain range forms part of the southern region of the Continental Divide and contains a number of volcanic peaks as well as several protected areas.
The Cordillera de Talamanca is a mountain range that lies on the southeast half of Costa Rica and the far west of Panama. The range rises from sea level on the Caribbean side to over 12,000 ft and then drops back down to the General Valley on the Pacific side.
The Peninsular Ranges System is a series of six coastal mountain ranges that run from north to south along the entire length of the Baja California Peninsula in northwestern Mexico. The Tres Vírgenes volcanic complex contains the only stratovolcanoes on the peninsula.
The Sierra de las Minas mountain range runs from east to west through Guatemala's southeast highlands. The Sierra de las Minas Biosphere Reserve contains a substantial part of the range as well as an estimated 60 percent of Guatemala’s remaining cloud forest.
The Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt is located in south-central Mexico and extends east-west across the country from the Pacific Ocean to the Gulf of Mexico. This volcanic arc contains many of the country's tallest mountain peaks.