The Amazon Rainforest is a natural region and biome in northern South America that occupies the Amazon Basin, a drainage basin of the Amazon River and its tributaries in South America. Nine nations have some part of the Amazon region within their borders.
Landforms of Brazil
Caracol State Park is a small state park in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. It contains the dramatic Caracol Falls, a major tourist attraction. The waterfall is situated between the pine forest zone of the Brazilian Highlands and the southern coastal Atlantic Forest and has two cascades.
Guanabara Bay is a picturesque bay of the Atlantic Ocean, located in southeast Brazil, in the state of Rio de Janeiro. On its western shore lies the cities of Rio de Janeiro and Duque de Caxias and on its eastern shore the cities of Niterói and São Gonçalo. More than 130 islands dot the bay.
The Guiana Shield is one of the three cratons of the South American Plate. It is a 1.7 billion-year-old Precambrian geological formation in northeast South America that forms a portion of the northern coast. The higher elevations are known as the Guiana Highlands.
The Marajó Archipelago is the largest fluvial-maritime archipelago on Earth. Located in the states of Amapá and Pará in Brazil, it is formed by approximately 2,500 islands. Marajó Island is the main and largest of the islands in the Marajó Archipelago.
Mount Roraima is the highest of the Pacaraima Mountains, a chain of tepui plateaus in South America. It serves as the tripoint of Venezuela, Guyana and Brazil. These tabletop mountains are considered to be the oldest geological formations on Earth.
The Paraguay River is South America's fifth largest river, running from the Brazilian state of Mato Grasso to its confluence with the Paraná River in Argentina, of which it is the main tributary. It serves as part of the Paraguayan border with Argentina as well as with Brazil.
The Paraná River is the second longest river in South America. Running through Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina, it becomes an alluvial basin before emptying into the Río de la Plata. The Paraná Delta consists of several islands known as the Islas del Paraná.
The São Francisco is a major river that rises in the Brazilian highlands and is the fourth largest river system in South America. The river and its basin are an important source of hydroelectric power and irrigation.
The Serra da Canastra is a mountain range in southeastern Brazil, located within the Brazilian Highlands. Its topography includes cliffs and dramatic waterfalls. Serra da Canastra National Park protects this important watershed, source of the headwaters of the São Francisco River.
The Serra da Mantiqueira is a mountain range that spans approximately 200 miles across three Brazilian states: São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais. Rivers formed in these mountains supply a number of cities in the Southeast Region of Brazil with water.