Brazil is considered a megadiverse country, possessing six terrestrial biomes. Brazil's twenty-six states and the Federal District are conventionally divided into five regions that correspond generally to the country's major landforms and biomes.
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Landforms of Brazil
The Amazon Rainforest is a natural region and biome in northern South America that occupies the Amazon Basin, a drainage basin of the Amazon River and its tributaries in South America. Nine nations have some part of the Amazon region within their borders.
The Borborema Plateau, also known as Serra da Borborema (Borborema Mountains), makes up the northeasternmost portion of the Brazilian Highlands. The primary watershed of the region, the plateau is the source of more than 100 rivers.
The Brazilian Highlands, an extensive geographical region, is the main source of Brazil's mineral wealth. Covering most of the eastern, southern and central portions of the country; the region includes steep cliffs, flat-topped plateaus, ravines, rolling hills and rock outcrops.
Caracol State Park is a small state park in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. It contains the dramatic Caracol Falls, a major tourist attraction. The waterfall is situated between the pine forest zone of the Brazilian Highlands and the southern coastal Atlantic Forest and has two cascades.
Guanabara Bay is a picturesque bay of the Atlantic Ocean, located in southeast Brazil, in the state of Rio de Janeiro. On its western shore lies the cities of Rio de Janeiro and Duque de Caxias and on its eastern shore the cities of Niterói and São Gonçalo. More than 130 islands dot the bay.
The Guiana Shield is one of the three cratons of the South American Plate. It is a 1.7 billion-year-old Precambrian geological formation in northeast South America that forms a portion of the northern coast. The higher elevations are known as the Guiana Highlands.
The Marajó Archipelago is the largest fluvial-maritime archipelago on Earth. Located in the states of Amapá and Pará in Brazil, it is formed by approximately 2,500 islands. Marajó Island is the main and largest of the islands in the Marajó Archipelago.
Mount Roraima is the highest of the Pacaraima Mountains, a chain of tepui plateaus in South America. It serves as the tripoint of Venezuela, Guyana and Brazil. These tabletop mountains are considered to be the oldest geological formations on Earth.
Stretching across portions of Brazil, Bolivia and Paraguay, the Pantanal is a natural region encompassing the world's largest tropical wetland area. This gigantic seasonal floodplain is also home to a staggering variety of plants and wildlife.
The Paraguay River is South America's fifth largest river, running from the Brazilian state of Mato Grasso to its confluence with the Paraná River in Argentina, of which it is the main tributary. It serves as part of the Paraguayan border with Argentina as well as with Brazil.