Brazil is the largest country in South America and occupies half of its landmass. It is the fifth largest country in the world and is regarded as the most biodiverse country on Earth. It is conventionally divided into five geographic regions that correspond generally to the country's major landforms and biomes.
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Landforms of Brazil
Sometimes referred to as Amazônia, the Amazon Rainforest is a natural region and biome in northern South America that occupies the Amazon Basin, a drainage basin of the Amazon River and its tributaries. Nine countries have some parts of the Amazon region within their borders.
Anavilhanas National Park: Anavilhanas Archipelago (Brazil) The Editor Tue, 05/17/2022 - 15:26
Anavilhanas National Park protects the environment of the Anavilhanas Archipelago in the Rio Negro, one of the largest in the world. Anavilhanas, the world’s second-largest fluvial archipelago is part of the Central Amazon Conservation Complex, the largest protected area in the Amazon Basin.
Araguaia National Park is located on Bananal Island in the Brazilian state of Tocantins. It is the largest known river island on Earth. The northern one-third of the island, which is designated as a National Park, is a popular destination for ecotourism. The southern two-thirds are indigenous territories.
Beni River and Mamoré River (Bolivia, Brazil) The Editor Mon, 10/10/2022 - 17:17
The Beni River flows north through Bolivia after rising in the Andean slopes of the Cordillera Real. The Mamoré River is formed by numerous headwaters that drain the Llanos de Moxos. The two rivers join to form the Madeira River on the border with Brazil.
The Borborema Plateau, also known as Serra da Borborema (Borborema Mountains), makes up the northeasternmost portion of the Brazilian Highlands. The primary watershed of the region, the plateau is the source of more than 100 rivers.
The Brazilian Highlands, an extensive geographical region, is the main source of Brazil's mineral wealth. Covering most of the eastern, southern and central portions of the country; the region includes steep cliffs, flat-topped plateaus, ravines, rolling hills and rock outcrops.
The Caquetá River as it is known in Colombia, or the Japurá as it is known in Brazil, is a tributary of the Amazon River and has a total length of approximately 1,750 mi. About two-thirds of the tributary is in Colombia and the other one-third is in Brazil. The Caquetá-Japurá Basin is the ninth-largest tributary basin in the Amazon.
Caracol State Park is a small state park in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. It contains the dramatic Caracol Falls, a major tourist attraction. The waterfall is situated between the pine forest zone of the Brazilian Highlands and the southern coastal Atlantic Forest and has two cascades.
Guanabara Bay is a picturesque bay of the Atlantic Ocean, located in southeast Brazil, in the state of Rio de Janeiro. On its western shore lies the cities of Rio de Janeiro and Duque de Caxias and on its eastern shore the cities of Niterói and São Gonçalo. More than 130 islands dot the bay.
The Guaraní Aquifer System is a large underground groundwater reservoir and hydrogeological system. It is a transboundary aquifer, spread across four South American countries: Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay.