Amazônia, or "The Amazon," is a vast and awe-inspiring region of South America. Often called the "lungs of the Earth," this immense lush green forest, stretching across nine countries, is home to unparalleled plant and animal life, making it one of the Earth's most biodiverse ecosystems. Comprising the Amazon rainforest, the Amazon biome, the Amazon basin, and the Amazon River, Amazônia plays a crucial role in regulating the planet's climate and producing oxygen.
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Landforms of Brazil
The Anavilhanas Archipelago is a testament to the dynamic forces of nature that shape the Amazon landscape. Comprising around 400 islands, 60 lakes, and numerous river channels, the archipelago is the world's second-largest fluvial archipelago. Situated in the Amazonas region of Brazil, Anavilhanas National Park stands as a bastion of biodiversity and ecological significance within the vast expanse of the Amazon Rainforest.
Araguaia National Park is in the Brazilian state of Tocantins on Bananal Island, Earth's largest known river island. The northern one-third of the island, designated as a National Park, is a popular destination for ecotourism. The southern two-thirds are indigenous territories.
The Beni River flows north through Bolivia after rising in the Andean slopes of the Cordillera Real. The Mamoré River is formed by numerous headwaters that drain the Llanos de Moxos. The two rivers form the Madeira River on the border with Brazil.
The Borborema Plateau makes up the northeasternmost portion of the Brazilian Highlands. As the primary watershed of the region, the semiarid plateau, composed mainly of mountains, is the source of more than 100 rivers and is rich in mineral deposits, including gold.
The Caquetá River, as it is known in Colombia, or the Japurá, as it is known in Brazil, is a tributary of the Amazon River. About two-thirds of the tributary is in Colombia, and the other one-third is in Brazil. The Caquetá-Japurá Basin is the ninth-largest tributary basin in the Amazon.
Caracol State Park, located in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, boasts the stunning Caracol Falls - a popular tourist destination. The waterfall is between the Brazilian Highlands' pine forest zone and the southern coastal Atlantic Forest and comprises two cascades.
Fernando de Noronha is a volcanic archipelago located off the northeast coast of Brazil in the South Atlantic Ocean. The archipelago comprises 21 islands and islets, the most significant being Fernando de Noronha. In addition, Rocas Atoll is a circular coral reef that encloses a lagoon.
Guanabara Bay is a picturesque bay of the Atlantic Ocean, located in southeast Brazil, in the state of Rio de Janeiro. On its western shore lies the cities of Rio de Janeiro and Duque de Caxias, and on its eastern coast, the towns of Niterói and São Gonçalo. More than 130 islands dot the bay.
The Guaraní Aquifer System is a large underground groundwater reservoir and hydrogeological system. It is a transboundary aquifer spread across four South American countries: Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay.
The Juruá River is the most winding in the Amazon Basin. Beginning in the highlands of east-central Peru and crossing into northwestern Brazil before it eventually empties into the Amazon River, it exhibits curvature and sluggishness as it traverses the low, half-flooded forest countryside.