The Andes Mountains are the longest continental mountain range in the world. They form a continuous highland along the western coast of South America. The Andean Region extends from Caribbean Venezuela, through the Atacama Desert to cold, windy and wet Cape Horn.
Landforms of Ecuador
The Archipiélago de Colón (Galápagos Islands) are volcanic islands in the Pacific Ocean, roughly 600 miles west of continental Ecuador. The archipelago is known for its large number of endemic species and were studied by Charles Darwin during the second voyage of HMS Beagle.
The Ecuadorian Andes are divided into parallel volcanic cordilleras that form the central Andean highlands region of Ecuador. This Sierra natural region contains ten major basins that contain roughly half of Ecuador’s population.
The Mindo Valley is located among the western slopes of the Andes Mountains in northern Ecuador. It is known for its many species of birds, butterflies and orchids. The valley is home to the Mindo-Nambillo Cloud Forest and Ecological Reserve.
The Ring of Fire is an area in the Pacific Ocean basin where earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur as a result of the movement and collision of lithospheric tectonic plates. The Andean Volcanic Belt is a major volcanic belt along the South American coast.