The Belize Barrier Reef, a masterpiece of nature within the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System, stands as a cornerstone of marine biodiversity in the Northern Hemisphere. As the second-largest coral reef system globally, it mesmerizes with its intricate ecosystems, rare coastal forests, and unique reef types.
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Protected Areas in Central America
The Sierra de las Minas runs east to west through the Guatemalan Highlands in the country's southeast. The Sierra de las Minas Biosphere Reserve contains a substantial part of the range and an estimated 60 percent of Guatemala’s remaining cloud forest.
The Solentiname Islands are an archipelago located in the southeastern part of Lake Nicaragua. They comprise four larger islands: Mancarroncito, Mancarrón, San Fernando, and La Venada. Along with some 32 smaller islands with rocky headlands, they afford shelter to numerous aquatic birds.
Nestled along the luxuriant northern slopes of the Cordillera de Talamanca in central Costa Rica, Tapantí-Macizo de la Muerte National Park is a testament to the region's rich biodiversity and stunning landscapes. Spanning an expansive area, the park extends its embrace into the neighboring western reaches of Panama, showcasing the ecological wealth of the Cordillera de Talamanca.
Tenorio Volcano National Park, in northern Costa Rica, forms part of the Arenal Tempisque Conservation Area and consists of four volcanic peaks and two craters. Thermal springs, small geysers, rivers, waterfalls, and lagoons, along with panoramic views, dot the area.
Tikal is one of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization's most significant archaeological sites and urban centers. Located in the Petén Basin of northern Guatemala, surrounded by the lush Maya Forest, the site is part of Guatemala's Tikal National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Tortuguero National Park is a masterpiece of nature in the northern reaches of Costa Rica's Limón Province. This vital Ramsar site coastal gem embraces an intricate assortment of eleven distinct habitats, including rainforests, mangrove forests, swamps, beaches, and lagoons. It weaves seamlessly into Nicaragua's Indio Maíz Biological Reserve, forming a vital corridor for the region's rich biodiversity.
Emerging as a beacon of conservation and a testament to the power of cross-border cooperation, the Trifinio Fraternidad Biosphere Reserve stands as a tri-national sanctuary nestled amidst the convergence of El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras. Established in 2011 as Central America's first transboundary biosphere reserve, it significantly contributes to implementing the Mesoamerican Biological Corridor.
Turrialba Volcano is located in the easternmost part of the Central Volcanic Range and is the second-highest volcano in Costa Rica. Turrialba Volcano National Park is a part of the Central Conservation Area of Costa Rica and encompasses the area around the volcano.